After the end of each financial year, any income that you earn is subject to income tax. You have to club the income received from different sources and then pay a tax on such income at a prescribed rate. However, in some cases, tax is deducted from your income before it is credited to you. For instance, if you are a salaried employee, tax is deducted by your employer from your salary income, and then you get the net salary income in your bank account. Similarly, if you earn any interest income, rent, etc., tax might have been deducted on the income by the individual or the entity that is paying the income. This deduction of tax is called Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) because the tax is being deducted at the source from where the income is being generated. TDS is deducted by the deductor and submitted to the Government on your behalf.
When you file your income tax return, you are required to record the actual income that you have earned, i.e. income before the deduction of tax. Thereafter, you have to calculate your gross taxable income and tax liability on the income. If your tax liability is lower than the TDS already deducted from your income, you are eligible for a TDS refund.
What is TDS refund?
A TDS refund is the process of getting a refund of the extra income tax that you have paid. TDS refund is applicable if the TDS deducted and deposited is higher than the tax liability that you incur. For instance, banks deduct a TDS of 10% from the interest that you earn from your fixed deposit account. However, if you are in a lower tax bracket of 5%, an extra 5% has been deducted from your interest income. This additional 5% can be, therefore, claimed by you as TDS refund.
Claiming a TDS refund
The process of claiming a TDS refund depends on the source of your income. The different instances of TDS refund and the process of claiming them are as follows –
- When a higher TDS is deducted from your salary income
If the TDS deducted from your salary income is higher than the actual tax liability that you incur, you can file your income tax return and claim a refund of the excess TDS deducted. When filing your income tax return, mention the details of your bank account so that the TDS refund can be credited to your account at the earliest. Alternatively, if your taxable income falls below the threshold taxable limit, you can apply for a low or a Nil TDS Certificate and submit the certificate to your employer. The employer would then deduct TDS at a lower rate or not deduct it at all (if you have availed of a Nil TDS Certificate). The certificate can be applied with the Income Tax Officer of your jurisdiction in Form 13 as specified under Section 197 of the Income Tax Act.
- When you are eligible for TDS refund on your fixed deposit interest earnings
If your income is below the taxable limit, you should submit Form 15G to the financial institution with which you maintain the fixed deposit account. The form should be submitted before the completion of the financial year. Once the form is submitted, TDS would not be deducted from your fixed deposit interest income. If, however, TDS is deducted even after the submission of the form, you can claim a TDS refund by filing an income tax return.
- If you are a senior citizen and want to claim TDS refund on your fixed deposits
Section 80 TTB of the Income Tax Act, 1961 allows senior citizens to enjoy a deduction of up to INR 50,000 on the interest income earned from fixed deposit and post office deposit accounts. So, if your taxable income after claiming the deduction is below the threshold limit, you can submit Form 15H to the financial institution where the deposit account is maintained. The financial institution would, then, not deduct any TDS from your deposit interest income. However, if the TDS is deducted, you can claim a refund by filing an income tax return.
Claiming a TDS refund online
You can claim a refund of your TDS online by registering on the website of the Income Tax Department. After you are registered, download the refund form and fill it by providing the required information. You would have to submit your documents along with the form to verify the details entered. Once the form is submitted to the income tax department, an acknowledgement of the filed return and a number would be issued by the department. This number should be verified either through your digital signature or by generating an OTP on the number which is registered with your Aadhaar card.
How to check TDS refund status?
Once you submit the TDS refund form, the excess tax amount is refunded within 3 to 6 months depending on the time taken by the income tax department to verify your income tax returns. In the meanwhile, you can check TDS refund status to find out whether the TDS has been refunded or not. The different modes to check income tax TDS refund status are as follows –
- You can check online TDS refund status through the e-filing website of the income tax department. Visit https://www.incometaxindiaefiling.gov.in/home and log into your online account. Under 'My Account', you would find the option of 'Refund/Demand Status.' Click on the option, provide your PAN Card number and check online TDS refund status for the chosen assessment year
- The Government also sends you an email on your registered email ID stating the TDS refund status. You can, therefore, access your email for TDS refund status check.
- You can even call the helpline number of the Central Processing Centre of the income tax department at Bangalore for checking your TDS refund status. The number is 1800 4250 0025
Usually, the TDS refund is credited at the earliest. In case of a delay, however, the income tax department would be liable to pay interest on the delayed amount of refund @ 0.5% for every month (6% per annum) from the first day of April of the assessment year to the date on which the refund is granted as per the rules contained under Section 244A of the Income Tax Act, 1961.
TDS is a mandatory deduction from your income but you can claim a refund if your tax liability is lower than the TDS already deducted. So, find out if you are eligible for a refund and file for it at the earliest. If you need some advice, you can always reach out to IndiaNivesh, and our team will help in understanding the applicable taxes as per your income and investments.
Disclaimer: Investment in securities market / Mutual Funds are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing.
Section 80 Deductions - Income Tax Deductions under Section 80D
Health is wealth goes a famous saying, and it is quite right. You cannot live a fulfilling life if you don't take of your health. In today's times, medical expenses have become quite unaffordable, and with medical inflation steadily on the rise, the costs are expected to increase. Meeting such high medical expenses might prove prohibitive for many, and that is why there are health insurance plans available in the market. Health insurance plans cover the medical expenses which are incurred in a health emergency. Besides providing financial assistance, health insurance plans also allow you tax benefits under Section 80D. Do you know how? Let’s understand – What is Section 80D deduction? The Income Tax Act, 1961, allows health insurance premiums to be claimed as a deduction under Section 80D. This deduction is contained under Chapter VI A of the Income Tax Act, 1961. Under Section 80D deduction, the premium paid for health insurance is allowed as a deduction from your taxable income. Eligibility for availing 80D deductions To avail deduction under Section 80D, the following parameters should be kept in mind – 80D deduction is available for individual taxpayers and Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs). The deduction is not allowed to any other type of taxpayer. Non-resident individuals can also claim deduction under Section 80D The deduction can be availed only if the premium is paid towards a health insurance coverage The coverage can be taken for self, spouse, dependent children and dependent parents The amount of deduction available under Section 80D depends on the age of the member being covered under the insurance policy The premium should not be paid in cash Section 80D deduction is available even if you have claimed deductions under Section 80C on eligible investments and expenses, Section 80CCC on life insurance pension plan premium and Section 80CCD towards investments in the National Pension Scheme Amount of deduction available under Section 80D There is a maximum limit up to which deduction under Section 80D can be claimed. This limit, as mentioned earlier, depends on the age of the insured member. The limit of deduction available for taxpayers who are below 60 years of age is INR 25,000, and for senior citizens, it is INR 50,000. Moreover, if the taxpayer buys an additional policy for his dependent parents, he/she can claim additional deduction under Section 80D. Let's understand the allowed 80D limit under different instances – Let’s understand the deductions with some examples – Example 1 – Mr. Sharma, aged 45 years, buys a health insurance policy for himself and his family by paying a premium of INR 20,000. He also invests in a health plan for his senior citizen dependent parents, and the premium paid is INR 30,000. The deduction available to Mr. Sharma under Section 80D would be INR 50,000, i.e., INR 20,000 for the premiums of his family floater health plan and INR 30,000 for the premiums paid for senior citizen parents. Example 2 – Mr. Khurana, aged 30 years, buys a health plan for him and also covers his dependent senior citizen parents under the same plan. The premium paid is INR 32,000. In this case, the maximum deduction available to Mr. Khurana would be INR 32,000 since the plan also covers his senior citizen parents and so the limit of deduction becomes INR 50,000. Thus, the premium of INR 32,000 would be allowed as a deduction from Mr. Khurana’s income. Example 3 – Mr. Verma buys two health insurance plans. One covers him and his spouse aged 34 years and 32 years respectively and the other covers his dependent senior citizen parents. The premium paid for his policy is INR 26,000, and for his parents' policy is INR 30,000. The deduction available would be limited to INR 55,000, i.e. up to INR 25,000 on his policy and INR 30,000 on his parents' policy. Thus, Mr. Verma would not be able to avail a deduction of the extra INR 1000 which he paid on his health insurance policy since the premium exceeded the available deduction limit of INR 25,000. Deduction for preventive health check-ups Section 80D also allows you a deduction towards the expenses incurred on preventive health check-ups in a financial year. So, if you undertake preventive health check-ups, you can claim the expenses incurred as a deduction from your taxable income under Section 80D. The limit of deduction is INR 5000, which is included in the limit of INR 25,000 or INR 50,000 as the case may be. When you are planning your taxes, do remember the deduction is allowed by Section 80D, and if you have bought a health insurance policy or have invested towards preventive health check-ups, the expenses incurred would be allowed as a deduction, which would help in lowering your tax liability. For a hassle-free experience, IndiaNivesh experts can help you to choose the right products as per your goals and guide you on tax deductions as well. Disclaimer: Investment in securities market / Mutual Funds are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing.
Cost Inflation Index - Meaning, Calculation & Benefits
Inflation is an economic term and referred to the continuous rise in the price of goods and services, thereby reducing the purchasing power of the money. The pinch of inflation is felt by all sections of the economy, be it, the consumers, investors, and the government. And, even though it increases the cost of living, inflation is a necessary evil and desirable for the growth and development of the economy. For the reason of inflation, it is only fair to pay more for your goods like comb and brush over the years due to an increase in the price. For the same reason, it is unfair to pay capital gains tax on your assets without taking into account the impact of inflation on the value of the asset. Cost Inflation Index(CII) is the index to calculate the increase in the price of assets year-on-year due to the impact of inflation. What is the Cost Inflation Index? Cost Inflation Index or CII is an essential tool for determining the increase in the price of an asset on account of inflation and is useful at the time of calculating the long-term capital gains on the sale of capital assets. It is fixed by the central government and released in its gazetted offices by the Ministry of Finance every year. Capital gains are the profits arising from the sale of assets like real estate, financial investment, jewellery, etc. The cost price of the asset is adjusted taking into account the Cost Inflation Index of the year of purchase and the year in which the asset is sold, and the entire process is known as Indexation. Cost Inflation Index Calculation The cost inflation index calculation is done by the government to match the inflation rate for the year and calculated using the Consumer Price Index (CPI). Cost Inflation Index India for the financial year 2019-20 has been set at 289. Change of the base year for the Cost Inflation Index The cost inflation index base year was changed in the Union Budget 2017 from 1881 to 2001. The base year was changed by the government to enable accurate and faster calculations of the properties purchased before April 1, 1981, as taxpayers started to face problems with valuations of older properties. The base year has an index value of 100, and the index of the following years is compared to the index value in the base year to determine the increase in inflation. With the change in the base year, the capital gains and tax burden has reduced significantly for the taxpayers as it now reflects the inflated price of the asset realistically. The current Cost Inflation Index Chart for each year is as under- How is the Cost Inflation Index (CII) used in calculating capital gains To calculate the capital gains on your assets the purchase price of the asset is indexed by the cost Inflation Index using the formula below- Indexed cost of the asset at the time of acquisition = (CII for the year of sale/ CII for the year of purchase or base year (whichever is later))*actual cost of acquisition If suppose you purchased a flat in December 2010 for Rs 42 lacs and sold in Jan 2019 for Rs 85 lacs. Your capital gain from the sale of the flat is Rs 43 lacs. The CII in the year in which the flat was purchased is 148, and the CII in the year the flat was sold in is 280. The purchase price of the flat after taking into account the Cost Inflation Index is = (280/148)*Rs42 lacs= Rs 79. 46 lacs This is the indexed cost of acquisition. Your long-term capital gain after taking indexation into account is Rs 85,00,000- Rs 79,45,946 = Rs.5,54,054. Long-term capital gains on the sale of property are taxed at 20% with indexation benefit. So, your tax liability, in this case, would be- 20% of Rs 5, 54, 054= Rs 1,10,810 Without indexation benefit, the capital gains are taxed at 10%. In this case, the capital gains would be- Sale price of the flat - purchase price of the flat = Rs 85,00,000 – Rs42,00,000 = Rs.43,00,000. The capital gains tax without indexation benefit will be 10% X Rs 43,00,000 = Rs.4,30,000. Thus, indexation helps reduce the long-term capital gains and reduce the overall tax burden for the taxpayer considerably. Indexation benefit can be used for investments in mutual funds, real estate, gold, FMPs, etc. but is not applied for fixed income instruments like FDs, recurring deposits, NSC, etc. Few important tips to remember about the Cost Inflation Index- If you receive an asset as a part of the will, then in such the CCI for the year in which it was transferred will be considered and not the CCI of the purchase of the asset Indexation benefit for the cost of improvement of the asset is the same as the cost of improvement of the asset. Cost of improvement incurred before 1981 to be ignored. CONCLUSION Cost Inflation Index is an important parameter to be considered at the time of selling long-term assets as it is beneficial for the investors. Reach out to our experts at IndiaNivesh for any queries about capital gains arising from the sale of assets for correct guidance. Disclaimer: Investment in securities market / Mutual Funds are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing.
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