“XYZ company announces a buyback of its shares”. You must have seen or read this headline multiple times in the last couple of years. Especially by companies from the IT or technology industry. According to reports, in the financial year 2018, buyback offers worth Rs. 50,000 crores were made in the Indian markets.
Have you wondered what is share buyback and what are the technicalities involved with it? Or if you should give up your shares during buyback offers? Then read on and get all your queries resolved.
What is share buyback?
- Buyback of Shares – Meaning:
A share buyback is a process through which a listed company uses its money and repurchases its own shares from the market. It is the opposite of an IPO (Initial Public Offer). Stock repurchase is also seen as a way for the company to re-invest in itself. Once the stock buyback is complete, they are absorbed and cease to exist. There are two ways in which stock buyback can take place:
- Tender Offer: In this buyback channel, the company offers to buy back a certain number of stock at a quoted price. The buyback is done directly from the shareholders.
- Open Market: The open market buyback takes place through the secondary market (stock exchange). The resolution (special or board) needs to specify the maximum price for the buyback.
2. Buyback of Shares – Regulations:
SEBI has laid down the following guidelines for buyback of shares:
- It cannot be more than 25% of the total paid-up capital value and free reserves held by the company. It needs to be approved by the shareholders through a special resolution.
- If the buyback value does not exceed 10% of the total paid-up capital value and free reserves held by the company, it necessitates only a board resolution.
Why do companies offer stock buyback schemes?
1. Surplus cash but lack of investible projects
This is one of the primary reasons behind stock repurchase by companies. Idle cash reserves come with a cost. Matured businesses do not need to invest exorbitantly in research, development or other such aspects. Also, holding on to unused equity funding results in ownership dilution without any good reason. Hence, companies prefer to buy-back their own shares.
Buybacks usually happen at a premium as compared to the market price. Companies prefer this route to reward shareholders rather than paying our dividends due to the tax implications.
Dividends attract 15% DDT (Dividend Distribution Tax) for the companies as well as 10% tax in the hands of shareholders if the dividend income exceeds Rs. 10 Lakhs. Hence, earnings through buyback become more tax efficient for both the parties, even after considering the taxes applicable.
3. Enhanced valuations
Buybacks are associated with enhanced share valuations as a result of an improved PE multiple. Stock repurchase leads to a reduction in the number of outstanding shares and hence, capital base. This, in turn, improves the value of EPS (Earning per Share) as the same amount of dividend is now divided between lesser shareholders. The ROE (Return on Equity) also goes up as the cash assets on the Balance Sheets come down.
4. Signal to the market
Stock buybacks are also used to send indicators to the market. It signals that the company has great confidence in itself. Hence it is ready to repurchase its own shares (mostly at a premium) as it feels that the company is undervalued currently in the market. For instance, when the company management is highly optimistic about the future prospects but the stock price still reflects bearish sentiments based on past performance only.
In some cases, promoters can also use the buyback channel to tighten their hold on the company. This is especially true when the shareholding is highly diluted or is in the hands of individuals or investors who do not have the best interest of the company in mind.
How to evaluate stock buyback offers?
Now you know what is share buyback and the reasons why companies offer them. But the fundamental question remains – what should be your stance in case of buyback offers? Should you hold your stock or give them up? These pointers can help you take the final decision:
1. Offer Price and buyback quantum
Buybacks are lucrative only when they are offered at a significant premium amount. The offer price must be substantially above the current market price to make it worthwhile for the investor. Also, the quantum of the share repurchase amount should be substantial.
2. Look at the tax implications
Till recently, shareholders had to pay capital gains tax on their buyback earnings. However, with the introduction of buyback tax for listed companies, investors are now exempted from the same. Companies will now have to pay 20% buyback tax.
This move has been done as the Government observed that more companies were distributing their profits through the buyback channel rather than dividend as the latter attracted DDT (Dividend Distribution Tax).
Note: The buyback tax is not applicable to companies who had announced their buyback schemes prior to 5th July 2019.
3. Promoter Participation
Promoters cannot participate in the buyback process if it is being done through the open market. However, they are allowed in case of tender offer. In case of participation by the promoter, there is usually a positive movement for the stock price in the long-term.
Buyback can be rewarding for both parties (company as well as investors). As an investor, it is important for you to understand the implications of each buyback offer and decide wisely. You should keep an eye out for the upcoming buyback of shares in 2019 and corporate news around the same. In case you feel that you are not able to decide on your own, you can always reach out to an expert like IndiaNivesh.Indiaivesh has been providing excellent financial solutions to investors since the last 11 years. It offers a wide range of products – broking, distribution, equities, strategic investments, investment banking as well as wealth management. With its “client-first” approach, skilled and experienced team members and state-of-the-art research and technological capabilities, you can be rest assured that your financial interests are in safe hands.
Disclaimer: Investment in securities market / Mutual Funds are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing.
Share Market Investment – Can I Invest all my Money in Stocks
Very often, you hear people making a fortune by making investments in the share markets and get lured to invest all our savings in it. Without a doubt, share market investments have helped investors grow their wealth and achieve financial goals. Investing in the stock market is essential for long-term wealth creation, as the returns generated by equities in the long-run have consistently outperformed the returns generated by any other asset classes, but investing all your money in share market is neither wise nor advisable. Shares are extremely volatile and carry a high degree of risk. If you are a beginner in the share market and the success stories of others have made you consider shares as an investment option, it is important to understand that there is no quick and easy way to make money in the share market overnight. Investing in the share market wisely requires you to have patience and also an understanding of how the stock market works. Why should you invest in the share market?1. Potentially higher returns which help beat inflation Equity investments have the potential to generate higher returns as compared to other investments in the long-run. One of the biggest challenges in the investment world today is finding investments where returns beat inflation.2. Dividend Income At the end of each financial year, a company declares dividends to be distributed to shareholders in proportion to their holdings, from the profits earned in that year. Thus, apart from long-term capital appreciation, investing in shares entitles you to the dividend income.3. Liquidity The shares are listed on the stock exchange and can be bought and sold through the exchange platform seamlessly. Share market tips for beginners If you are a beginner in the share market, here are few important stock market investment tips for you to help you guide with your investments1. Define your investment objectives Before considering investing in shares, or for that matter any instrument, it is important that you clearly define your investment objective along with the time frame for it. Investments in the stock market have the potential of higher growth in the long-term but are the extreme volatility in the short-run. If you are looking at investing your money for a fairly long time, you will benefit tremendously by investing in shares as compared to other less volatile assets. As stock markets are volatile in nature, investing for short-term investment needs is not advisable. 2. Assess your risk tolerance When it comes to investment decisions, assessing your tolerance to risk is extremely important as it is individual for each investor. Share markets are volatile and your ability to withstand the fluctuations in the market is crucial. If your tolerance to risk is low, you are likely to get anxious about your investments; you are more likely to make emotional decisions about investments rather than logical decisions. However, once you start gaining more knowledge about stock market investments and also understand volatility, your perception will evolve considerably and allow you to take more analytical decisions. 3. Understand the basics of Share Market Before you start investing in the stock market, it is important for you to have basic understanding of the stock market and the individual securities in the stock market. Getting familiar with financial terms such as P/E ratio, EPS, CAGR, etc. stock selection strategies and stock order type will help in the research and selection process of stocks.4. Pick the right stocks Investing the shares is easy, but being successful with your investments requires effort. Whether you are seasoned investors or a beginner, stock selection plays an important role in determining the success of your investments. You should do proper research and analysis of the stocks that you are looking to invest in. Various aspects such as financial soundness, quality of management, competitor’s performance, the competitive advantage of the company will help you understand the strength of the company. You should invest in fundamentally strong companies for potentially higher returns. 5. Do not let emotions drive your decision The performance of stocks to some extent is driven by market sentiments. If the market sentiment is bearish, it tends to influence the stock price negatively even if the fundamentals of the company are strong. In such situations, long-term investors should not sell their investments just because the market sentiment is negative. Once you invest in the stock market you should not get influenced by short-term price changes of the securities on the account of speculation, rumours and in general the market sentiments. 6. Keep your expectations real All of us want to achieve the best possible returns from our investments. But at the same time, it is equally important to be realistic about the return potential. Even though some stocks have generated over 100% returns for investors in the past, it does not mean that every investment in stocks will fetch you similar returns. The idea of investing in the stock market is to have positive returns on your savings which can beat inflation in the long-run and help you achieve your financial goals with ease. 7. Diversify your portfolio Diversification is extremely important to optimise the returns on your investments. The basic tenet of financial planning is to have a diversified portfolio in different asset classes to achieve your investment objective by not relying on the performance of a single asset class. Even in the case of shares, you should diversify your portfolio in shares of different companies, sectors, and industries to avoid relying on the performance of one sector. 8. Invest only your surplusYour investments in the stock markets can fetch you high returns in the future. However, unlike fixed-income investments such as bonds and FDs, returns from the stock market are not guaranteed. The higher the chances of returns, the higher are the risk involved. Hence, you should only invest the surplus funds you have into the stock market without compromising on the other investments such as your life insurance, health insurance, emergency funds etc. The final word Shares should be a part of your investments, as they offer huge growth potential, but they can’t be your only form of investment. You need to diversify your portfolio in various asset classes to get maximise your returns and minimise risk for your investments. Your investment objective, risk profile, time horizon all play an important role in ascertaining how much can you and should you invest shares. If you are wondering where to start, then just get in touch with our financial experts from IndiaNivesh to guide you with your investments.Disclaimer: Investment in securities market / Mutual Funds are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing.
Index Funds – Investing in Low Cost Index Funds
Mutual funds are the most popular investment avenue among investors. It can be justified from the fact that the mutual fund industry has added a whopping 3 trillion to their asset base in 2018 and the uptrend may continue in the coming years. There are many types of mutual funds available in the market and one of them is Index Funds. They offer an easy, diversified and low-cost way to invest in the stock market. In this article, you will learn about the Index Funds in detail. Let us begin the article by learning what is an index fund? What is an Index Fund? Investors always seek to take advantage of diversifying their portfolio across different asset classes. To do so, index funds are the most popular because they imitate the portfolio of an index like the Sensex or the Nifty. This fund is constructed in such a way that it matches the performance of the financial market index. An investor who has bought an index fund would experience the price moment exactly in sync of the quoted value of the Sensex or Nifty, depending on the fund. Therefore, these funds ensure the performance exactly as the index that is being tracked. One of the main benefits of these funds is its low expense ratio. Let us now learn how does an index fund work? How Does an Index Fund Works? Like mentioned earlier, Index funds basically track the performance of the index such as Nifty. When you purchase this fund, your portfolio will have 50 stocks in the same proportion that comprise in the Nifty. Therefore, an index represents a group of securities of a market segment. In India, the most popular Indices are NSE Nifty and BSE Sensex. The index funds are not actively managed funds because they replicate an index. In actively managed funds, the fund managers keep on looking for opportunities by researching and selecting new stocks. But in index funds, the managers just maintain the composition of an underlying benchmark. In the case of actively managed funds, the aim is to beat its benchmark while in the case of index funds, the managers try to match the performance of the portfolio with that of the index. Even though the fund managers try their best to match the performance of index fund returns with their portfolio but still there can be some small difference. The index fund managers try to bring down the tracking errors so as to match the index fund returns with the portfolio returns. Now coming to the most important question that who must invest in the low cost index funds. In this section, we will discuss the same. Who Can Invest in Low Cost Index Funds? If you want a predictable set of returns and do not want to take much risk, these low cost index funds are ideal for you. These funds will give you same set of returns as a particular index would. Also, if you want to keep yourself associated with equity funds but not with those funds that are actively managed and bear some risk, these funds are good for you to invest. Therefore, the first thing to consider while investing in the low cost index funds is determining your financial goals and the amount of risk you are willing to take. In the long run, the performance of the index funds is very good. Let us now learn how you can invest in the index funds? How to Invest in Index Funds Investing in Index Funds is very easy with IndiaNivesh Ltd. Just follow the below mentioned steps to invest in the index funds; Visit the website - https://www.indianivesh.in/ and sign in. Fill the amount and period of your investment. Complete the hassle-free KYC process. You can now invest in your preferred index fund amongst the many options available. Before you invest in index funds, there are a few things that you must consider. Let us see what they are. Things to Consider Before Investing in Index Funds Risk Appetite It is always advisable to mix and diversify your investments. Index funds are perfect for those who want to take fewer risks. You can reap higher benefits in these funds when the market is in bull mode. When the market enters the bearish mode, you may consider entering actively managed funds. Returns Index funds aim to replicate the performance of the underlying benchmark. If you are looking for decent returns in the long run, you can invest in the index funds. It is advisable to invest in those index funds that have minimum tracking error. Cost Of Investment The main benefit of investing in index funds is the lower expense ratio. The expense ratio of index funds is 0.5% or less while the expense ratio of actively managed funds is 1% to 2.5%. The funds with lower expense ratios always generate higher returns. Financial Objectives If you are looking to invest for your retirement or want to create long term wealth then index funds are ideal for you. These funds can generate good returns in the long run which would be of great assistance in your life after retirement. Period of Investment Index funds are known to give better returns over a long term of period. You must have the patience to stick to these funds and avoid taking any decision on the basis of short term fluctuations. Taxation On redemption of the index funds, the capital gains are taxable. Your holding period determines the rate of taxation. If the holding period is less than a year, the short term capital gains are taxable at 15%. And if the holding period is more than one year, the long term capital gains over Rs. 1 lakh is taxable at 10% with no benefit of indexation. The above mentioned are the things that you must consider before investing in the best index funds available in the market. If you looking to invest in best index funds and need any assistance you can contact IndiaNivesh Ltd.Disclaimer: Investment in securities market / Mutual Funds are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing.
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