If you wish to diversify from traditional investment products like bonds, shares and mutual funds, trading in commodities is an interesting idea. But where should you start and how should you invest?
Here are some things to keep in mind when you invest in commodities
1) How to start investing in commodities
There are a lot of different products you can choose. Gold, silver, crude oil, natural gas and agricultural products are some of the popular options. But where should you start? Well, it is always good to begin trading in a commodity you know. For example, if you work in the mining industry, you may have sufficient knowledge about metals. Similarly, if you work in the confectionery industry, you may be updated with regular changes in the price of sugar. Having a basic idea of a commodity can be a good starting point.
2) How to trade
In commodity trading, an investor decides to buy or sell a commodity at a pre-determined price on a specified date in the future. There are different ways to trade in commodities. You can purchase Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs). Some funds invest in a commodity or a specific sector. Others diversify and invest in many different sectors. If you are a novice investor, it is best to allocate your capital into different assets so that you can minimize your risk. You can also invest in stocks of companies related to commodities.
3) Manage risk
Metals, agricultural products and petroleum products are all clubbed under the title commodities. However, this does not mean they are all the same. Different commodities have different risks. Some of them have small price movements during a day while others show great volatility. Identify your risk appetite and invest accordingly. You don’t want to find out any unwanted surprises after investing.
4) Create a stop loss
Losing money in the financial markets is nothing new. Most investors make wrong investments from time to time. But those who create a stop loss can rebound from these losses. For example, would you rather lose Rs 10 or Rs 100? The answer is obvious, right. Trading in commodities can be a bit risky, especially if the commodity is volatile. By creating a stop loss, you can manage the risk and minimize your losses.
5) Be prepared
To gain success in the commodities market, you need to be prepared. Be updated on the latest events (nationally and globally) that influence commodity prices. Identify the factors which influence the change in prices of a commodity and take appropriate investment decisions based on these factors. Also, don’t forget to improve your trading strategies through research and analysis. This is very important in a commodities futures market.
The commodities market is influenced by many factors. Government policies, macroeconomic factors and global events are some of the key influencing factors. As an investor, it may not be possible to control all these different factors. However, you can control your own emotions. And this is a very important trait in commodities trading. In addition to the above points, remember not to let fear or greed influence your investment decisions. Do your research and invest confidently and over time, you can enjoy the fruits of your investments.
Disclaimer: Investment in securities market / Mutual Funds are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing.
What Is Commodity Trading In India?
The stock market has always been a paradise for traders and investors. They invest their savings in the stock market to make good returns and build a huge corpus over time. Another popular avenue for traders is commodity trading. Commodity trading in India has a long history. In fact, India is among the few countries that started trading in commodities since a very long time. Today commodity trading in India has a significant role and importance. In this article, we will walk you through the commodity trading basics and its related concepts in detail.Let us first learn about the meaning of commodity trading.What is Commodity Trading?A commodity is a group of assets that are important to support our lives like metals, food, energy, etc. When such a commodity can be traded on an exchange and has a price change, they can be purchased and sold just like the stocks, this is termed as commodity trading. In India, there are four classified categories of commodities, they are:• Agriculture – Includes items such as Corn, Coriander, Chana, Castor Seed, Wheat, etc.• Energy – Includes items such as Crude Oil, Natural Gas, etc.• Metals – Includes items such as Copper, Gold, Silver and Platinum• Livestock and Meat – Includes items such as Eggs, Pork, Cattle, etc.Commodity trading is a profession for many traders in India. The trader uses the price fluctuation in the above commodity prices to trade and find opportunities to make money. Now that we know what it is, let us learn where you can invest in commodities in India.Where Can You Invest in Commodities in India?Anyone living in India can trade in commodities through the exchanges. There are six commodity exchanges in total where you can trade in India; they are• National Commodity and Derivatives Exchange – NCDEX• National Multi Commodity Exchange – NMCE• Multi Commodity Exchange – MCX• The Universal Commodity Exchange – UCX• Indian Commodity Exchange – ICEX• Ace Derivatives Exchange – ACEKnowing about the commodity markets in India, let us now learn about investing in the commodity market.How to Invest in the Commodity Market?You can trade in the commodity market through a futures contract. In this type of contract, you enter into an agreement to buy or sell a specific quantity of a commodity at a future price. Every commodity is available for trading through the futures market. The traders, depending upon the predicted price movements take their position. Like for example, if the trader expects the price of a commodity to go up, he would purchase a specific quantity of the commodity and go long. Similarly, if the trader expects the price of the commodity to go down, the trader sells a specific quantity of the commodity and goes short.As you are now aware of the ways through which you can invest in the commodities market, let us now know about the commodity trading time in India.Commodity Trading Time in IndiaThe commodity markets in India is open on all days of the week except Saturdays, Sundays and holidays declared by the exchange. The market timings of the Indian commodity market is as follows:• Agri Commodities: 9 a.m. to 9 p.m.• Bullion, Metals, Crude Oil and Internationally linked Agri Commodities: 9 a.m. to 11:55 p.m.In the year 2018, The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) extended the commodity trade timing to the above timings in order to deepen the commodity markets as well as to increase the participation of stakeholders such as value chain participants, farmers producers organisations, foreign entities having actual exposure to Indian physical markets, etc. There are many benefits of trading in the commodities market. In this section of the article, we will learn the benefits of commodity trading.Benefits of Commodity Trading• HedgingHedging plays an important role in commodity trading. It protects the traders from price fluctuations as they enter into an agreement at a pre-decided price. • SpeculationSince commodity trading is very popular, traders speculate the future price movements and make heavy profits out of it. • ArbitragingThere are instances when the price of a commodity varies in different markets. The traders take advantage of such a situation by arbitraging. They buy a commodity in one market where the price is low and instantly sell it in another market where the price is high. Individuals wanting to trade in the commodities market often find it difficult to select a commodity broker. In the following section of the article, we will look at how the selection of a broker should be done.How to Select a Broker for Commodity Trading?Selecting the right broker is an important part of commodity trading as your whole experience in the commodity market will depend on it. While selecting any broker, you must look at their credibility and service record. Since your trading experience will depend on the services of a broker, check whether the broker provides the facility of commodity trading online. Another important criterion is the brokerage rates charged by the broker. So, the broker selection must be made after considering all these factors. While selecting the broker, you must ask them to provide a demo of the services provided by them on their trading platform. Test the commodity trading online through the desktop or mobile application and understand the working of the platform. Another important factor that must be considered is the customer support team of the broker. Check how proactive and strong the team is to assist you during any problem or query. Understand with the broker the process of depositing the margin money. Last but not least, you must select the broker who is certified. IndiaNivesh is one such broker who is well known to fulfil all the above criteria and provide its clients with a hassle-free experience. After selecting the right broker for commodity trading, you must open the commodity trading account. In this section of the article, we will learn about the process of opening a commodity trading account.Opening Commodity Trading AccountThe primary requirement for trading in the commodities market is to open a trading or demat account. All you need to do is fill an application form and submit documents like your identity proof, source of income, financial statement, etc. The broker then, depending upon the financial details submitted by the individual, approves or rejects the application. This is an important step as brokers want to be sure that the applicant will be able to meet the debt payments and he does not suffer the losses.After opening a trading account, the next big question for a trader is how much minimum investment is required to trade in commodities. So, let us have a look at the minimum amount required for making the investment in the commodity market.Minimum Amount Required For InvestmentAfter opening the commodity account, you have to deposit an initial amount to start trading in commodities. Initially, you have to deposit at least 5% to 10% of the total contract value. Along with the margin money, the trader must pay a maintenance margin amount to the broker so as to cover the losses that may happen in case of adverse market situations. Let us now read about the importance of trading strategies while trading in commodities.Importance of Trading PlanTrading strategies are very important in commodity trading. With the right trading plan, commodity trading can be very profitable. The commodity trading plan must be developed as per the financial objectives and risk-bearing capability. The trading plan of one trader may not be suitable for another trader. Therefore, the commodity trading plan must be prepared after conducting research and other necessary requirements. The most important part of commodity trading strategy is not to overtrade and always put a stop loss. Furthermore, the trader must put various risk management techniques to maximise his returns and minimise the risk in commodity trading. IndiaNivesh is one of the leading broking firms that provide you all the assistance along with risk management techniques to make commodity trading a profitable venture for you.Disclaimer: Investment in securities market / Mutual Funds are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing.
Things to keep in mind while investing in property
Investing in a real estate property comes with a lot of terms and conditions. When you decide to invest in a property, you may find that the situation is completely different from what you have in mind. To avoid the confusion and legal hassles later on, there are a few things you should keep in mind when you invest in a property.1) Background of the builderReal estate deals involve large sums of money. When you buy a property, you make huge upfront payments followed by regular EMIs. So, after buying the property, you don’t want to find out that the property or the piece of land is under litigation. Experts recommend that you do an extensive background check on the builder, just to be on the safe side. Check out his past projects to verify his authenticity. 2) Ensure all documentation is properWhen you zero in on a property, you should ensure that all the required documentation for the property is in order. For instance, if you buy a residential property on the outskirts of the city, you should ensure that the land in discussion is not an agricultural land. Get a no-objection certificate (NOC) from the development authority in the city to avoid legal hassles. Similarly, ensure that you obtain the necessary approvals for the entire layout of the project from the local authorities in the city. 3) Total cost of the propertyIn order to make the deal exciting, many brokers often mention only the basic cost of a property. However, when you sign on the dotted line, you may find out that there are additional costs included such as development fees, parking charges, club charges and other statutory charges. Adding up all these additional charges can escalate your costs pretty quickly. That’s why you should always ask for the final cost of the property before you make the transaction. 4) List of banks financing the projectIt is no secret that many real estate projects in cities across the country are simply languishing because of lack of funds. The project may have kicked off very well but without enough cash to complete, banks may hesitate to finance them. That’s why, when you finalise a particular property, see which all banks are ready to fund the project. Go through the list and select the bank that offers a loan with the best rates that are suitable for you. 5) Check size of propertyIf you are investing in a residential property, remember that the ‘super built-up’ area is different from the actual size of the apartment. The super built-up area that is generally mentioned in advertisements and brochures includes common areas in the apartment like the lobby and the staircase. In reality, the carpet area of the apartment could actually be almost 30% lesser than the super built-up area. Ensure that you always go by the carpet area and not by the super built up area to avoid any surprises later.The bottom lineAs an investor, you are paying good money for a property. In return, you need to ensure that you are getting what you pay for. By keeping the above points in mind, you can make good investment decisions when you plan to buy a real estate property. Disclaimer: Investment in securities market / Mutual Funds are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing.
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