Step up SIPs
Systematic Investment Plans, or SIPs, are very popular as they allow you a disciplined approach to investing in mutual fund schemes. You can start a SIP in any mutual fund scheme that you prefer and invest periodically affordable amounts to build up a substantial corpus over a long term period. SIPs offer you the benefits of –
- Affordable investments
- Disciplined investments and
- Rupee cost averaging
When you invest through SIP, you choose a fixed amount of money that would be invested at periodic intervals. But what if you want to increase the SIP amount? Can you do so in the existing ongoing SIP investment?
For doing that you may have to start a fresh SIP for the additional amount. The current SIP amount would not be allowed to increase unless you have opted for “Step up” feature at the time of starting your SIP investment. Let’s understand what this feature is all about.
What is a step-up SIP?
A step-up SIP, also called a top-up SIP, is a type of SIP investment wherein you can increase your monthly SIP investment amount periodically at a fixed rate. A step-up SIP, therefore, allows you to increase your mutual fund investments as your income grows.
How does a step-up SIP work?
A step-up SIP increases your monthly SIP investments in any of the following two modes –
- By a fixed amount
- By a fixed percentage
When you invest in a step-up SIP scheme, you have to specify which increment mode you prefer, the amount or rate of increase, the frequency of increase (annually or monthly) and the time up to which the increase should be done. When all the details are provided, your SIP commences and then increases at the defined rate and at the defined interval.
Let’s understand the working of a step-up SIP by an example –
Suppose you choose a step-up SIP of INR 5000 due every month. You choose to increase the SIP by 10% every year for up to 10 years. In this case, when you start the SIP, the first year, your investments would be done @ INR 5000 every month. Thereafter, in the next year, the SIP amount would increase to INR 5500. In the third year, the SIP amount would again increase to INR 6050, and so on.
Alternatively, you could choose to increase the SIP by a fixed amount of INR 1000 every year rather than a fixed percentage. In that case, your SIP in the first year would be INR 5000 per month. In the second year, it would increase to INR 6000, then INR 7000, and so on.
Thus, under the step-up SIP scheme, your SIP amount would increase by a specified amount every year, allowing you to step-up your investments over time. You can also specify a maximum SIP amount, which would serve as the maximum limit to which the SIP would increase over time. When the increased SIP reaches the maximum specified amount, no more increase would be affected, and your investments would continue at the maximum amount.
Benefits of step-up SIPs
Step-up SIPs prove beneficial than conventional SIPs because of the advantages that these schemes provide. Such advantages are as follows –
- You can sync your investments with increasing income
During your active working life, your income does not remain stagnant at one level. It increases with the increase in your experience and your appraisals. When your income increases over time, why shouldn’t your SIP increase too? Step-up SIPs allow you to effortlessly increase your investments so that your increasing income is saved to yield an increased corpus.
- You can accumulate a higher corpus
As you increase your SIP investments, your corpus grows. Step-up SIPs allow you to increase your savings even when you are a passive investor. Your marginal propensity to save increases as your income increases through step-up SIPs. A slight increase in your SIP investment can help you meet your financial goals faster.
- It helps you face inflated costs
The higher corpus which you can avail through step-up SIPs also allows you to meet the increased cost of living due to inflation. As inflation raises the cost of goods and services, the corpus that you accumulate through step-up SIPs allow you to meet such inflated costs without any difficulty.
- It results in disciplined savings
Ideally, as your income grows, so should your investments. However, this is seldom the case. As incomes increase, many individuals squander their money in unnecessary indulgences rather than in savings. Step-up SIPs ensure that a part of the increased income is directed to disciplined investments so that you are not tempted to spend your earnings mindlessly.
- It is convenient
Rather than looking for different fund options for a new SIP to boost up your investments, a step-up SIP allows you to increase your investments through the existing fund itself. Step-up SIPs, therefore, provide you with the convenience of managing a handful of funds as you don't have to manage and monitor multiple mutual fund schemes for enhanced investments.
Step-up SIPs, therefore, are the ideal solution for increasing your investments over time as your income increases. It is a smart saving solution if you want to create a higher corpus for your life’s goals. Beginners can choose step-up SIPs to start investing small, affordable amounts as they start their mutual fund portfolio and then gradually increase their investments as their income and knowledge grows. So, make your SIP investments dynamic through step-up SIPs. Find out some of the best performing step-up SIPs at IndiaNivesh, and we promise you expert assistance with your mutual fund investments.
Disclaimer: Investment in securities market / Mutual Funds are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing.
Loan Against Mutual Funds – Get Loan on Mutual Funds in India
Financial crisis can hit you anytime and therefore you must always be prepared to face them. But sometimes, there may be a situation when you have the funds but you have invested them in different investment avenues and you do not have the extra funds to deal with the monetary needs in your life. In such situations, mutual funds can act as a saviour. You can use them as security to avail a loan from financial institutions or banks. In this article, you will learn all the details about loan against mutual funds. Let us begin by learning how you can avail loan against mutual funds. How to Avail Loan on Mutual Fund? By pledging the mutual fund units, you can avail loan against mutual funds. You can take the loan on mutual fund of any type including equity, debt, or balanced fund. However, it is always advisable to take the loan against equity-based mutual funds and not against debt-based mutual funds. The loan against mutual funds interest rate depends upon the period of the loan. When you opt for taking a loan against the mutual funds, you cannot sell or switch the mutual fund unit that is under lien. Let us now understand the term lien on mutual funds. Lien on Mutual Funds Lien is an important term to understand while availing loans against mf. Lien is a document that gives the NBFC or banks the right to sell or hold your mutual fund's units. When a lien is provided in the favour of bank or NBFC, it means that you have given the ownership right of your mutual fund units to the lender. To transfer the ownership you must visit the fund house and request them to transfer the ownership of your mutual fund units in the name of the lender. The letter for lien transfer must be signed by all the unit holders. Let us now learn about the process of applying for a loan against mutual funds How To Apply For Loan Against Mutual Funds You can avail loan against mutual fund online if your mutual fund units are in demat account and you have prior approval. However, if the mutual fund units are in physical form you can avail loan on mutual fund by executing a loan agreement with the financing company or bank. The bank or NBFC shall ask the registrar of the mutual fund like Karvy or CAMS to mark a lien on the fund units being pledged. The registrar on marking the lien sends a letter to the lender along with a copy to the borrower regarding the same. One important aspect that you must know here is that you cannot redeem the units until full repayment of the loan. The money you get for the loan will depend on the type of mutual funds you own. Banks and other financial institutions often set the maximum and minimum cap on the amount of loan that you can apply for. For example, if you own equity-oriented mutual funds, you can get a loan of up to 50% of the Net Asset Value of the mutual fund. Let us now learn about interest rates on loans against mutual funds. Interest Rates on Loan Against Mutual Fund The loan against mutual funds interest rate will depend on the tenure of your loan. Similar to the terms and conditions, the interest rates vary from one financer to another. In general, the interest on the loan of mutual funds is 10% to 11%. Since this is a secured loan, the interest on this loan is lower than the interest on an unsecured loan. They may even lower the interest rate if you have a good credit score and a long standing relationship with the bank. Let us now learn how to remove lien on the mutual funds How to Remove Lien on Mutual Funds After repaying the loan amount, the financer will send a request regarding the lifting of lien to the fund house. You can even apply for partial removal of lien on making part payment to the financier. However, some units shall still be under the claim of the lender. Since you know the process of removal of lien, you must also know the consequences if you default the loan. Consequences of Defaulting Loan Against Mutual Fund If you default the loan on mf, the financier can enforce a lien for defaulting in making the payment. The financing company holds the right to send a request to the mutual fund company to redeem the units. Let us now learn about the benefits of borrowing against mutual funds. Benefits of Borrowing Against Mutual Funds You can create instant liquidity by taking the loan against mutual funds. Since mutual fund investment remains idle most of the time, you can raise capital for meeting the short term requirements. Since the mutual fund is a secured asset, the interest rate of the mutual funds is lower than the interest rate on a personal loan. For taking a loan on mutual funds, there is no need for selling the mutual fund units. The above mentioned are a few of the benefits of availing loans on mutual funds. Raising loans against mutual funds is a rare practice and not many are aware of it. It is also a far better option than other traditional methods of availing a loan. If you are new to the market or need any financial advice, you may contact IndiaNivesh. Disclaimer: Investment in securities market / Mutual Funds are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing.
Mutual Funds Taxation – Know about Tax on Mutual Funds
We all make investments with an aim to enjoy capital appreciation and build a huge corpus in the long run. Mutual funds are one such investment channel that has the potential to offer capital appreciation in the long term horizon. Therefore, you must have always heard financial advisors suggesting the importance of investing in mutual funds. In fact, mutual fund investment is a great way to begin your investment journey. While we carefully plan our investments, one aspect which is often ignored is mutual fund taxation. Mutual fund taxation rules can get slightly confusing for a layman. However, if you have a mutual fund portfolio, it is imperative that you have a good understanding of how your returns will be taxed. Tax on mutual funds majorly depends on factors such as the type of fund you have invested in, your investment duration, your income tax slab and so on. This article helps you understand the taxation rules for mutual funds and how mutual fund taxation impacts your overall returns. Mutual Fund Taxation When you invest in mutual funds, you make profits in the capital investment in two ways – through capital appreciation and dividend receipts. The mutual fund house or Asset Management Company declares dividends on the equity funds appreciation and dividend receipts. The fund house declares dividends in the event of equity funds as and when the fund makes earnings. Likewise, on debt funds, you receive regular interest at a set rate. With these earnings, the value of your mutual fund investment continues to grow. At the same time, it attracts capital gains that tend to be taxable to investors. Understanding Capital Gain on Mutual Fund Capital gain is nothing but the profit that you make on your mutual fund investment when you redeem or sell your mutual fund units. In simple words, it is the difference between the value at which you purchased the mutual fund units and the value at which you are going to sell or redeem them. For example, let us say, Mr. Rohan invested Rs. 2 lakh in a mutual fund scheme on 1st January 2017 and the value of his investment on 1st January 2020 is Rs. 2.5 lakh. In this case, Mr. Rohan has earned a capital gain of Rs. 50,000. Taxation of Capital Gain on Mutual Fund The capital gains tax on mutual funds depends on the type of mutual fund scheme and the investment duration. The duration over which an investor stays invested in a mutual fund scheme is called the holding period. It plays a crucial role in determining the tax implication on the mutual fund investment. Depending upon the holding period, capital gains tax can be classified into two types – Short term capital gains tax (STCG) and long term capital gains tax (LTCG). Short-Term Holding Period Equity funds and equity-oriented hybrid funds are taxable for the short term if the holding period is less than 12 months. On the other hand, debt-oriented hybrid funds and debt funds are taxable as short term if the holding period is less than 36 months. Long-Term Holding Period Holding equity funds or equity-oriented funds for more than 12 months is termed as long term. But in the case of debt funds, the investment is termed as long term only if the holding period is 36 months or more. If the mutual fund is a hybrid equity oriented fund where the exposure of equity is more than 65%, it will be considered as an equity fund for mutual fund taxation. However, when the exposure of the hybrid fund is less than 65% towards equity or it is 50% debt and 50% equity, in such case, the fund shall be considered as debt fund for taxation purpose. Let us now learn about mutual fund taxation rates. Mutual Fund Taxation Rates Equity Oriented Mutual Fund Schemes The mutual fund taxation rates for equity-oriented schemes with a holding period of up to 12 months are taxable for short term capital gains at the rate of 15%. If the holding period is more than 12 months, the long term taxation rate is 10%. The long term capital gains are exempt up to Rs. 1 lakh per annum for investing in equity-oriented mutual funds. Non-Equity Oriented Schemes The mutual fund taxation rates for non-equity oriented schemes with a holding period of up to 36 months are taxable for short term capital gains at the rate of investor’s tax slab. If the holding period is more than 36 months, the long term taxation rate is 20% after indexation. Apart from the above-mentioned capital gains rates, the investor now has to pay tax on the dividend income as per his personal income tax slab rate. Prior to the budget 2020, the fund house (Asset Management Company) was supposed to to pay Dividend Distribution Tax (DDT) on the dividends on mutual funds on behalf of the investors. Another type of tax known as Securities Transaction Tax (STT) is applicable on the sale of mutual fund units in balanced and equity funds. It is applicable to both close-ended and open-ended schemes. Conclusion Since taxes take away a major portion of your corpus that you need to meet your financial goals, it is important that you include the tax on mutual funds in your calculation while doing financial planning. Investing in mutual funds is an art and you will master it with time. While deciding to invest, you must consider a few factors such as your investment goals, risk appetite, investment horizon and returns expectation before making any decision. Acquiring knowledge about mutual funds can help you go a long way. You can read from the vast information available on the internet or you can seek expert advice. If you need any assistance regarding mutual fund investment or taxation on mutual funds, you can contact IndiaNivesh. Disclaimer: Investment in securities market / Mutual Funds are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing.
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