SIP – Different Types of Systematic Investment Plans in India

SIP – Different Types of Systematic Investment Plans in India

Mutual funds now are a household name and building a mutual fund portfolio is synonymous with wealth creation. As the mutual fund industry continues to grow leaps and bounds, SIPs are considered one of the key growth drivers for this industry.

SIPs help the investors to invest in a systematic and disciplined manners.

Online SIP investments starting with Rs 500 per month (for few schemes min SIP amount is as low as Rs. 100 per month); digital distribution and hassle-free onboarding of investors, all have resulted in making an investment for SIPs most favoured investment option.

To stay relevant with times and improvise their offerings, AMCs now offer many different types of SIP so that investors can choose the most suitable type of SIP for investment best suited to their individual needs and profile. Here are the different types of SIP investment available for investors-

1. Regular SIP

One of the simplest and easiest forms of SIP investment is a regular SIP, wherein you invest a fixed amount at regular intervals. The time interval can be monthly, bi-monthly, quarterly or semi-annually. You can also choose daily or weekly SIPs, though it is not recommended in most cases. When you make your first SIP payment, you are required to choose your desired time interval, amount of the SIP and the tenure of the SIP. In a regular SIP, you cannot change the amount during the tenure of the investment.

If you are a salaried employee, choosing a monthly SIP, usually in the first ten days of the month, once your salary is credited to your bank account is highly recommended.

2. Step-up SIP

Without a doubt, SIPs help brings about financial discipline in your life. Over time, as your earnings increase, it is important to increase your investments as well so as to keep them aligned with your income level and financial goals. A step-up SIP, also termed as a top-up SIP, is an automated solution to increase your SIP contribution either by a fixed amount or a fixed percentage after a specific time. Using Step-up SIPs will help you reach achieve your goals faster and also help in long-term wealth creation.

3. Flexible SIP

For investors with irregular income, even after being well aware of the benefits of SIPs, the biggest reason for not starting a SIP is not being able to keep up with the fixed periodic investments. A flexible SIP is a perfect solution for such investors as it gives the flexibility to start, pause, decrease or increase your SIP. Depending on your flow of funds, you can change the SIP amount seven days before the SIP date. In case, there is no intimation of change, then the default amount entered is deducted for the SIP.

4. Perpetual SIP

Normally, when you choose a regular SIP, it has a fixed tenure, with a starting date and an end date. But, if you are unsure about how long you want to continue the SIP, you can opt for a perpetual SIP. In case of a perpetual SIP, you leave the end date column blank and you can redeem your SIP once you have reached your financial goal. If you opt for a perpetual SIP, then it is important that you monitor the returns of your investment, to keep a track of the fund’s performance over time.

5. Trigger SIP

A trigger SIP is for seasoned investors, who have sound knowledge of the financial markets and are accustomed to tracking the market performance daily. Using a trigger SIP, an investor can choose an index level, a particular event or NAV to start the SIP. An investor can set trigger points for upside and downside conditions and can redeem the amount on achieving the pre-specified target. Investors can oscillate their investments between debt and equity schemes within the same fund house. A trigger SIP is recommended only for investors who have a thorough understanding of financial markets.

6. SIP with Insurance

Insurance is an important part of financial planning. In order to make mutual fund offerings more lucrative, certain fund houses offer free insurance cover if you opt for SIPs with a longer duration. The initial cover is usually ten times the first SIP and gradually increases over time. This feature is only for equity mutual fund schemes. The term insurance offered is just an add-on feature and does not impact the performance of the fund.

7. Multi SIP

The multi-SIP enables starting SIP investment in multiple schemes of a fund house through a single instrument. This facility can help investors to build a diversified portfolio. Investors can start SIP in various schemes using a single form and payment instruction, thereby reducing the paperwork involved.



Over the last few years, SIP returns have earned investor confidence and are the most preferred investment option of retail investors. If you are unsure on how to choose the right SIP for you and want correct guidance, then consult our expert financial advisors at IndiaNivesh for best-suited SIPs for investments.


Value Investing - What is Value Investing & its Fundamentals

Value investing is the dark horse of stock markets. And this dark horse has created huge wealth for none other than Warren Buffet. Read on to know what value investing is, and what are the critical factors in this strategy. All that glitters is not gold and all that is gold does not always glitter. This holds true for investment decisions as well and forms the core principle of value investing. What is Value Investing? The value investment strategy was popularised by Benjamin Graham along with David Dodd after successfully surviving the period of the great depression. It involves proactively identifying stocks which are trading at a significantly lower value than their intrinsic value. Intrinsic Value refers to the true value of a stock. The two factors behind value investing are market price and value. Price is the amount you pay, and the value is what you get in return. Value investing believes that the stock market does not always remain in an efficient or balanced state. It sometimes overreacts to events such as political announcements, organisational restructuring, economic conditions and results in stock price fluctuations which do not correspond to the company’s actual worth or long-term fundamentals. Hence, there is a good probability that there are undervalued or overvalued stocks in the market. Value Investing and Behavioral Finance Value Investing and Behavioral Finance are two sides of the same coin. Value investing aims to exploit irrational or impulsive behaviour of investors. Emotions heavily influence investment-related decisions. Greed, fear, peer-pressure lead to poor investment decisions. This creates a huge potential for dispassionate or objective investors. Value investors do not get carried away by market sentiments or herd mentality, instead, they look at the real value of a stock in the long run. They also do not fall into a “growth trap” without actually understanding the history or behaviour of stocks. Fundamentals of Value Investing1. Find the intrinsic value Investors who follow value investing strategy are more interested in a stock’s intrinsic value and not just the current market price. There are multiple ways and valuation methods that are used to identify the intrinsic or true value of a stock. Such as discounted cash flow analysis, dividend discount model, Earning per Share valuation, etc. There is also a formula coined by Benjamin Graham to arrive at the true value of a stock. It is:  Intrinsic Value = Earnings Per Share (EPS) multiplied by (8.5+ Twice the growth rate of the company in the coming 7-10 years).  This formula has been now tweaked to reflect the current market conditions correctly. It is now:  Intrinsic Value = [Earnings Per Share (EPS) multiplied by (8.5+ Twice the growth rate of the company in the coming 7-10 years) multiplied by 4.4] divided by current corporate bond (AAA) yield.  4.4 in the above formula referred to the minimum rate of return in the USA in the year 1962. For the purpose of valuation of Indian stocks, 4.4 should be replaced by the corporate bond yield in the same year in India. When the stock’s market value goes below the calculated intrinsic value, investors purchase those stocks. Then they sit back and relax till the time the market corrects itself and the stock price reaches its actual value.  2. Margin of Safety Margin of Safety enables value investors to manage risks and avoid losses. It is also the key element which distinguishes value investing from mere speculation. It refers to the difference between the stock’s current market price and its intrinsic value. Higher the gap, greater is the safety margin. By investing in a stock with an adequate security margin, investors know that any negative event or volatility will not adversely impact the value of the investment. 3. Don’t follow the crowd Value investing is not for those who like to follow the herd. Value investors focus on stocks which are overlooked or avoided by others because of their low valuations but are inherently solid stocks.   Are there risks in Value Investing? Yes. Just like all the other things in our life, there are risks involved in Value Investing as well. One of the biggest risks is falling into Value Traps. All cheap stocks do not translate into good investment decisions. Value traps are stocks which seem to cheap due to low PE multiple or cash flows, but never go up in value. It is important to do full due- diligence before investing. This includes not just financial metrics, but also qualitative aspects such as quality of management, stability, competition, etc. Final Words Value investing is a proven strategy for wealth appreciation in the long run. But it can be an intimidating way of investing without the right support. A partner like IndiaNivesh can make the process smooth and more fruitful for investors. IndiaNivesh is a reputable financial service provider which offers a wide range of services related to Broking, Institutional equities, strategic investments, wealth management, investment banking and corporate finance. With their in-depth understanding of the Indian markets, the organisational experience of three centuries and cutting-edge technological tools, they help investors make well-informed and profitable decisions.Disclaimer: "Investment in securities market and Mutual Funds are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing."

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ELSS Funds – Best ELSS (Tax Saver) Mutual Funds to invest in 2020

As another financial year is coming to an end, most of you would be busy with tax planning and looking for the most tax-efficient investment avenues. Though there are many tax saving options available for investments, Equity Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS) is one of the best options, as it has the potential to offer higher returns along with tax savings. Under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act, the maximum limit for tax benefit is Rs 1.5 lakh per year so that investors can invest up to Rs. 1.5 lakh in ELSS funds for tax exemption. ELSS is an open-ended diversified equity fund that invests more than 80% of the corpus in equities, and they come with a mandatory lock-in period of 3 years. Compared to other tax saving investment options, ELSS funds have the shortest lock-in period, and they also have the potential of higher returns as ELSS  invest in equities, which can generate higher returns over the long-term. In short, ELSS offers dual benefits of tax exemption and also capital appreciation.  Investments in ELSS funds can be done either in lump-sum or by starting a SIP.  You can start a SIP with a minimum amount of Rs 500 per month. Even though the tax-exemption is only for Rs 1.5 lakh, there is no maximum limit for investment, which can be made in ELSS.   Advantages of investing in ELSS, tax-saving mutual funds Amongst all the investment options available under Section 80C, ELSS mutual funds have the shortest lock-in period of 3 years As these funds are invested in equities, they have the potential to generate higher returns as compared to other instruments like PPF, NSC, etc There is no upper limit for investment Experts professionally manage the funds so investors need not have to worry about gaining expertise of equity markets Some of the essential points to consider at the time of choosing the best ELSS funds are:   Past performance of the fund At the time of investing in ELSS mutual funds, it is vital to take into account the past performance of the scheme. However, at the time of seeing the past performance, you should go for schemes that have consistently given higher returns and beaten the benchmark and its peers over the longer-term.  So, instead of looking for the performance over 1 or 2 years, choose funds with consistent returns. Ratings of Fund It is essential to look at the ratings of the funds, but a 5-star fund may not always be the best fund to invest as ratings change over time depending on any changes in the scheme's portfolio, and it may not provide the desired returns.   Diversification Equities give the best returns if you stay invested for a longer-term. As ELSS is an equity scheme, you should invest your money in well-diversified schemes that invest their corpus across different industries and sectors for best returns.   The expense ratio of the fund It is the cost of managing the fund and has a significant impact on the overall returns of the fund. A lower expense ratio translates into a higher return. So, it is essential to choose a fund with a lower expense ratio along with returns.   The time horizon for investment for tax-saving funds The lock-in period for ELSS mutual funds is three years, which is the shortest as compared to other tax-saving options. However, staying invested in equities for a longer-term fetches the best possible returns. So, even though it has a lock-in period, you can remain invested in them and let your investment grow and if need be, you can withdraw your units partially or fully after three years.   To invest lump-sum or through SIP ELSS mutual funds give you the flexibility to plan your tax-saving investment either in a lump-sum amount or through SIPs. SIP route is recommended for someone who carries out his tax planning all through the year.   Top 10 tax-saving mutual funds to invest in 2020 Here is the list of top 10 ELSS funds which experts at IndiaNivesh recommend for investment in 2020 Source: Moneycontrol. (Data as on Feb 2020) ELSS investments are important for your tax planning and also for wealth creation in the long term. Open a Demat account with IndiaNivesh and get our expert advice and guidance for all your investment needs.   Disclaimer: Investment in securities market / Mutual Funds are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing.

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  • Financial Markets - Overview, Structure, and Types

    What is Financial Market? A market is defined as a place where goods and services are bought and sold. Along similar lines, a financial market is one where financial products and services are bought and sold regularly. Financial markets deal in the purchase and sale of different types of investments, loans, financial services, etc. The demand and supply of financial instruments determine their price, and the price is, therefore, quite dynamic. Financial markets form a bridge between investors and borrowers. It brings together individuals and entities that have surplus funds and those who are in a deficit of funds so that funds can be transferred between them. This transfer of funds is done through different types of financial instruments that operate in the financial markets. Structure of the Indian financial market The Indian financial market is divided into two main types – the money market and capital market. The capital market is further sub-divided into different types of financial markets. Let's understand –   Let’s understand each type of financial market in details – Money market The money market is a marketplace for short-term borrowing and lending. Securities that have a maturity period of less than a year are traded on money markets. The assets traded in money markets are usually risk-free and are very liquid. Since the maturity period is low, the risk of volatility is low, and the returns are also low. Money market instruments are debt oriented instruments with fixed returns. Some common examples of money market instruments include Treasury Bills, Certificates of Deposits, Commercial Papers, etc. Capital market Contrary to the money market is the capital market, which deals in long-term securities. Securities whose maturity period is more than a year are traded on the capital market. Capital market trades in both debt and equity-oriented securities. Individuals, companies, financial institutions, NRIs, foreign institutional investors, etc. are participants of the capital market. The capital market is divided into two sub-categories which are as follows – Primary market Also called the New Issue Market, the primary market is that part of the capital market, which is engaged in the issuance of new securities. The newly issued securities are then purchased from the issuer of such securities directly. For instance, if a company offers an IPO (Initial Public Offering) and sells its shares to the public, it forms a part of the primary capital market. Investors directly buy the shares from the company, and no middlemen are involved. Similarly, if an already listed company issues more shares, called Follow-on Public Offerings (FPO), such shares can be bought by investors directly from the company. Secondary market The secondary capital market is where the securities bought in the primary capital market are traded between buyers and sellers. Stock trading is a very common example of a secondary capital market wherein investors sell their owned stocks to interested buyers for a profit. A secondary market is characterised by an intermediary and the trading of securities takes place with the help of such intermediary. While securities in the primary market can be traded only once, securities in the secondary market can be traded any number of times. The stock exchange is a part of the secondary market wherein you can trade in stocks of different companies that have already been offered by the company at an earlier date. Other types of financial markets Besides the above-mentioned types of financial markets, there are other types of financial markets operating in India. These include the following – Commodity market This market deals in the trading of a commodity like gold, silver, metals, grains, pulses, oil, etc. Derivatives market Derivative markets are those where futures and options are traded. Foreign exchange market Under a foreign exchange market, currencies of different countries are traded. This is the most liquid financial market since currencies can be easily sold and bought. The rate fluctuations of currencies make them favourable for traders who look to book profits by buying at a lower rate and selling at a higher one. Bond market Bond market deals in trading of Government and corporate bonds, which are offered by Governments and companies to raise capital. Bonds are debt instruments that have a fixed rate of return. Moreover, bonds also have a specific tenure, and the bond market is, thus, not very liquid. Banking market The banking market consists of banks and non-banking financial companies which provide banking services to individuals like the collection of deposits, the opening of bank accounts, offering loans, etc. Financial market and services The services offered by financial markets today are as follows – They provide a platform for buyers and sellers to trade on financial products The financial market determines the price of financial instruments traded on it. This price is based on the demand and supply mechanism of the instrument and can move up and down frequently The market provides liquidity to investors when they need to sell off their investments for funds The market provides funds to borrowers when they need financial assistance The Indian financial market is influential in the economic growth of India as a whole The financial market helps in mobilization of funds from investors to borrowers Thus, the financial market and its services are varied, and that makes the financial market an important component of the Indian economy. Regulators of financial markets Financial markets and services offered by them should be regulated so that the participants of the market follow the laws of trading. As such, there are different regulators of the market that ensure that all participants trade fairly. These regulators are as follows – Reserve Bank of India RBI is the regulator for banks and non-banking financial companies. It is the central bank of India entrusted with the formulation of monetary policies, credit policies, and foreign exchange policies, among others. Banks and financial institutions have to abide by RBI's rules and regulations to work in the financial market. Securities and Exchange Board of India SEBI is the primary regulator of the capital market, which consists of both the primary as well as the secondary capital market. Trading done in the capital market is governed under SEBI's rules and laws. Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority IRDA governs the rules and regulations which are to be followed by insurance companies and their intermediaries. Thus, IRDA is a regulator of the insurance market, both life, and general insurance market. Financial markets today have evolved and have become quite competitive with the participation of multiple players. They directly play a part in the growth of India's economy and allows investors and borrowers to trade in financial products and services in an easy and smooth manner. To take advantage of the Financial markets and varied investing opportunities, consider the team at IndiaNivesh, which is well-versed with types of markets and regulatory bodies.   Disclaimer: Investment in securities market / Mutual Funds are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing.

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  • Know What is Pre-Market Trading & How it Works in Share Market

    Most of us are aware that trading takes place on the stock exchange between 9.15am and 3.30pm. But what if we told you that it is only partially correct. Some trading (though low in volume) also takes place during the extended trading hour periods. Read on to know about more about this additional trading window and its significance. What is Pre-Market Trading Pre-market Trading is a global phenomenon and refers to trading that takes place before the usual trading hours. The usual trading hours for Indian stock markets is 9:15 am to 3:30 pm. Pre-open market stock trading is a special trading window of 15 minutes prior to the start of the working hours for the stock markets. Hence, the time frame between 9:00 am and 9:15 am is considered as the pre-open market session. This feature was first introduced by NSE and BSE in October 2010. The objective behind a pre-market trading It was observed that there was tremendous volatility in the first couple of minutes of trading hours. The core objective behind having a pre-market trading session is to stabilise the market especially when heavy volatility is expected due to some overnight major events or corporate announcements. These could be election results, reforms or new economic policies, declaration of mergers and acquisitions, delisting of shares, open offers, change (especially downgrading) in credit ratings, debt-restructuring, market rumours etc. The additional 15 minutes allows the stock markets to arrive at the right premarket stock price and not get carried away by external events or announcements. In India, premarket future or options trading is not permitted. Pre-market Trading Session – Breakdown of the 15 minutes The premarket trading period can be further bifurcated into three slots:Order Entry or CollectionThe Order Entry session starts at 9:00 am and lasts for eight minutes. The following activities are undertaken during this timeframe Placing of orders for purchase or selling of stocks Changes or modification in orders Cancellation of orders After 9:08am (i.e. completion of order entry session), orders are not accepted by the stock markets Order MatchThe Order Matching session starts at 9:08am and continues for the next four minutes. The following activities are undertaken during this timeframe Confirmation of orders placed during the Order Entry session Order Matching Calculation of stock opening price for the regular session that starts at 9:15am During the Order Match session, one cannot buy, modify, cancel or sell their orders. Limit orders (i.e. order quantity and price is specified) are given priority over the market orders (order quantity and price are not specified) during the execution time. Buffer TimeThe last three minutes of the premarket trading session (i.e. 9:12 am to 9:15 am) is considered as buffer time. This period is used to ensure a seamless transition to regular trading hours. Any abnormalities from the previous two slots are addressed during this time.   Calculation of Opening price during the pre-market stock trading session The opening price of the stock during this session is determined during the second phase i.e. Order Match session. It is done with the help of a specific methodology. This calculation method is referred to as the call auction methodology or the equilibrium price. The stock price which corresponds to the maximum quantity of tradable shares is known as the equilibrium price. It is a factor of demand and supply. The orders placed during the first eight minutes are matched at the equilibrium price and then traded accordingly. Some scenarios: If the highest tradable quantity corresponds to two different stock prices, then the stock price with the lower unmatched orders is taken as the equilibrium price. For example:   Stock Price Order (Buy) Order (Sell) Demand Supply Max Tradable Quantity Size Unmatched Orders (Demand minus supply) 105 1275 1160 25000 20000 20000 5000 99 2000 8000 20000 30000 20000 -10000   Though the maximum tradable quantity is same in both the cases, the equilibrium price will be considered as 105 as it has a minimum unmatched order size If the values of the highest tradable quantity and unmatched orders are same or equidistant, but they correspond to two different stock price, then the above methodology cannot be applied. In this case, the equilibrium price is taken as the stock price which is closer in value to the closing price of the previous day. For example, Stock Price Order (Buy) Order (Sell) Demand Supply Max Tradable Quantity Size Unmatched Orders (Demand minus supply) 105 1275 1160 25000 20000 20000 5000 99 2000 8000 20000 25000 20000 -5000 Assuming the closing price on the previous day was Rs. 110, then the equilibrium price in the above example will be Rs. 105.   What about orders that remain unmatched or are not traded in the pre-open session? Orders that are not traded or remain unmatched are carried forward to the general trading session. The opening price of these orders is determined in the following manner: Limit Orders i.e. orders wherein the price and quantity are already specified are carried forward at the same mentioned price Market Orders i.e. orders wherein the price and quantity are not specified are carried forward at: If the opening price was ascertained during the pre-open trading session but order not traded, then at the determined price If the opening price was not discovered, then they are carried forward at the previous day’s closing price   Stock Markets tend to be overwhelming for many investors. The concept of premarket trading can further compound the complexity level. However, as an investor, you should always remember that help is just around the corner. Professional experts like IndiaNivesh can help to simplify and demystify the entire process. The team at IndiaNivesh keeps a close eye on this Pre-market session to comprehend the mood and strength of the stock market. They track the pre-market stock prices and take the best decisions for your portfolio basis the market sentiments. Moreover, since they offer a wide range of services (broking, mutual funds, institutional equities, private equity, strategic investments, corporate advisory, etc.) they have a holistic view of the market and the economy. Their expert opinion can help you to amp up your investment game. You can read more about their offerings, vision and accomplishments on their website "Investment in securities market and Mutual Funds are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing."

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  • SME IPO – Meaning, Procedure & Benefits of SME IPO Listings

    All over the world, the SME sector is playing an important role in the social and economic development of a country. Growth of the SME sector is crucial for the growth of our country to curb the problems of poverty, income inequalities, unemployment, and regional imbalances. In India the SME sector contributes a high proportion in the national income and is witnessing rapid growth and more and more efforts are being taken in the development and promotion of this segment. Various government initiatives such as Skill India, Make in India, Start-up India, Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana, Public Procurement Policy to encourage growth and innovation in the SME sector has led to favourable  growth in the agricultural, manufacturing and service industry. Even though the SME sector contributes significantly to the GDP of our country, numerous challenges that impede the growth of the SME sector which include- Inadequate funds and timely access to credit is one of the biggest hurdles in the growth of SMEs. Lack of resources and infrastructure Lack of skilled manpower Inability to market their products/services Technological and digital barriers All these challenges create a serious problem for the growth and development of the SME sector in India to its full potential. All the above challenges are more or less due to a lack of capital and access to raise money from the public like the bigger companies. To overcome this challenge, SME platforms BSE-SME and NSE Emerge were launched by the BSE and NSE respectively, to allow small and medium enterprises to fulfil their dreams of growth and expansion by raising capital from the public. Meaning of SME IPO: BSE SME exchange platform is a trading platform dedicated especially for the trading of shares of small and medium enterprises. In order to get listed on the exchange, the companies have to come out with their IPO. The eligibility criteria and norms of the SME IPOs are different from that of the main board of BSE and NSE. The listing requirements for BSE SME IPO It must be a public limited company. Proprietorships, Partnership Firms, Private Limited Companies need to change to convert to a public limited company. The company’s net worth in the latest audited financial results should be at least 3 crores. The company’s net tangible assets in the latest audited financial results should be at least Rs 3 crores. The companies post paid-up capital should be at least Rs 3 crores and not more than Rs 25 crores. If the paid-up capital is more than Rs 25 crores then it has to be listed on the main board. Distributable profits for at least two years out of the immediately preceding three years. The company must have its own website with financial statements of 3 years. It must enter into an agreement with both depositories and mandatorily facilitate DEMAT trading of securities. There should be no winding-up petition by the applicant company which has been admitted by the court. The issue should be a 100% underwritten issue and 15% of the issue must be underwritten by the Merchant Banker in his own account. A minimum of 50 allottees is needed by the company at the time of listing through IPO. The minimum lot size for trading and application is Rs. 1,00,000. The company has not been referred to BIFR( Board for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction). The listing criteria for EMERGE- NSE SME IPO The applicant must be registered as a company under the Companies Act 1956 or Companies Act 2013. The companies post paid-up capital should not be more than Rs 25 crores. Distributable profits for at least two years out of the immediately preceding three years. It must have certified copies of the annual report for 3 years. A business plan of 5 years along with balance sheets and profit and loss statements. The promoters must have relevant experience of 3 years in the same field. It must enter into an agreement with both depositories and mandatorily facilitate DEMAT trading of securities. There should be no winding-up petition by the applicant company which has been admitted by the court. An auditors certificate stating there is no default in payment of interest by the promoter or by the promoter’s holding companies.  If there is any litigation case filed against the applicant, promoter or promoter held companies then it must be disclosed along with the nature and status of the litigation. If there are any criminal cases filed against the director or directors then the nature and status of such investigations which can have a direct impact on the business must be disclosed. A minimum of 50 allottees is needed by the company at the time of listing through IPO. Procedure for listing on the SME IPO exchange Appointment of a Merchant Banker for advisory and consultation. The Merchant Banker is then required to conduct due diligence and documentation check of the company. It must check all financial documents, details of promoters, requisite government approvals, material contracts, etc. The documentation should also include share issuances, IPO structure and other financial documents. On completion of due diligence and documentation by the Merchant Banker, a draft prospectus and DHRP have to be submitted by the company in accordance with the SEBI guidelines. The BSE will verify the documents and on finding those satisfactory will process it. A site visit is also conducted by officials at the company’s site. The promoters will be called for an interview with the Listing Committee on satisfactory completion of documentation and site visit and issue an in-principal approval. The Merchant Banker can then file the prospectus with the ROC along with the opening and closing date of the issue. On approval from ROC, the company will intimate the exchange with the required documents and opening date of the issue. As per the schedule, the IPO will be opened and closed to the public for allotment. The company will then submit the documents to the exchange for allotment. Once the allotment is over, the notice of listing and trading of the shares will be issued How can the companies benefit from SME IPO listing? The SME Capital Markets have helped many companies scale up their business. The SME IPO listings have increased manifold since the introduction in 2012 and at present the BSE SME platform has over 300 companies listed on it and the NSE Emerge has over 180 companies listed on it. With relaxed listing norms and minimal cost for listing when compared to the main board, the SME platforms are ideal for companies who wish to raise capital to meet their growth requirements. Support from exchange boards, increase in the number of SME stocks on exchange and good results is encouraging more and more investors to invest in the SME  segment.Disclaimer: "Investment in securities market and Mutual Funds are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing."

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