Difference Between Portfolio Management Services (PMS) Vs Mutual Funds

Difference Between Portfolio Management Services (PMS) Vs Mutual Funds

The ultimate goal for all investments is the same – Wealth Creation. But the routes can be different. In this article, we will talk about two popular investment avenues – Portfolio Management Services and Mutual Funds, both of which have the potential to fulfill your financial goals.

Mutual Funds

Mutual Funds pool in money from a group of people and then invest the corpus in various asset categories as per the scheme’s objective. This investment avenue is professionally managed by a team of experts known as “Fund Managers” from Asset Management Companies.

How to Invest in Mutual Funds

There are numerous ways to invest in Mutual Funds.

  • Directly through the company’s website
  • Through intermediaries such as brokers or R&T Agents
  • Through online platforms that work as aggregators

Portfolio Management Service

Portfolio Management Services (PMS) is a kind of wealth management service. Like mutual funds, they are managed by professionals known as portfolio managers. These experts offer a wide range of curated investment strategies to benefit from the available opportunities in the market. 

They can be bifurcated into two categories of services:

  • Discretionary
  • Non- Discretionary

If the portfolio manager has complete control over the portfolio and can independently take trade decisions for the customer, it is referred to as Discretionary PMS. In the case of non-discretionary PMS, the portfolio manager does not have the authority to take any portfolio related decisions independently. He/she needs to manage the funds as per the client’s directions. Without the client’s approval, no buy or sell decisions can be taken by the portfolio manager.

Portfolio Management Services in India

As per SEBI regulations, only entities who are registered with SEBI for offering Portfolio Management Services in India can provide PMS to customers. Non-Resident Indians can also invest in these products. However, the documentation process is different (and slightly more exhaustive) than resident Indians. They need to open a PIS (Portfolio Investment Scheme) Account for the same.

What makes these two investment avenues different?

• Regulatory perspective
Mutual Funds are, comparatively, more strictly regulated in comparison to PMS. SEBI closely monitors their activities and investment decisions.

• Transparency
Both Mutual Funds and PMS offer timely disclosures to the clients. In the case of Mutual Funds, clients can get all relevant information such as portfolio disclosures, the commission given to distributors, daily performance data, etc. There are numerous websites through which the performance of each scheme can be tracked.

Even in the case of Portfolio Management Services in India, the service provider is required to make periodic disclosures to the clients. The only difference is that it is not available to the general public. This might make it difficult for newbie investors to make an informed decision or identify the best portfolio management services. However, if one reaches out to reputable providers, the credibility of information or quality of services is assured.

• Flexibility
In the case of Mutual Funds, the pooled-in corpus can only be invested in asset categories as per the scheme’s objective. However, in the case of PMS generally there is no such restriction. They need not need to confine their investments to a stated objective or any such stringent terms, unless the theme of the investments is restricted to certain sectors or market cap. This provides flexibility to the portfolio manager to take aggressive calls whenever required. For instance, if they sense risk or volatility and the situation demands, they can decide to maintain a 100% cash position and sell off all the equity holdings.

• Ownership
In PMS, the stocks are held directly by the investor. However, in Mutual Funds, they are held by the AMC or Fund House and the investors receive units of the scheme.

• Risk
Mutual Funds cater to all types of investors. An investor with a high-risk appetite can go for an aggressive equity scheme. Someone who is risk-averse or lower on the spectrum can go for a hybrid or balanced fund. The risk quotient in Mutual Funds is reduced to a certain extent as the risk gets spread across a wide range of stocks.

Relatively, investments through PMS are riskier. They are usually a highly concentrated portfolio (consisting of about only 20-30 stocks). However, with higher risk comes the possibility of higher returns with PMS.

• Entry Barrier
Portfolio Management Services may not be accessible for all retail investors. It is primarily targeted towards HNIs (High net-worth individuals). One can start mutual fund investments with only Rs. 500. However, in the case of Portfolio Management Services, the least investment required is Rs. 50 Lakhs*.

• Ease of Investing
Investments in Mutual Funds can be made easily through multiple channels such as the company's website, through R&T Agents or distributors or with the help of online platforms. However, the process for investment in the case of PMS is lengthier considering the high value of funds that are transacted through these accounts.

• Cost Structure
Portfolio Management Services are way more customized than Mutual Funds. Mutual Fund charges fees daily as a percentage of AUM and is capped for all schemes. Whereas, the costs involved in PMS is relatively more such as Entry Load, Fund Management expenses, Profit Sharing or Fixed Fee, custodian fees, audit-related fees, brokerage, etc. All these vary according to the provider. However, relatively high returns generated by PMS more than compensate for the costs involved.

• Taxation
In the case of Mutual Funds, the investors have taxed basis the type of scheme and the duration for which he/she had remained invested. For instance, in case of equity mutual funds, if one exits from the scheme within the lock-in period (usually 12 months), then 15% tax is applied. However, after that period the proceeds are taxed at 10% if gains exceed Rs. 1 Lakh. (Till the limit of Rs. 1 Lakh it is tax-free)

However, the taxation methodology is quite different in the case of PMS. Gains are calculated on every underlying transaction (and not just redemption) done by the portfolio manager. So, each time the portfolio manager sells a share, capital gain (or loss) is calculated for the investor and then taxed accordingly.

Which one should you go for?

So, is one of these a better option? No. Both Mutual Funds and Portfolio Management Services are managed funds. They have their own set of benefits and targeted towards a different set of investors. The choice between these two should be made after considering factors such as risk profile, investment objective, market understanding, etc. For instance, if you are looking for higher flexibility and customization, PMS may be a better option. On the other hand, if you do not have too many funds at hand but still want to enter into the equity market, Mutual Funds are your best bet.

Whatever be your choice, you can seek the help of experts from IndiaNivesh. They are adept at crafting portfolios customized as per the client’s needs and long-term goals.

Why should you trust IndiaNivesh with your hard-earned money?

  • Outstanding research experience of more than 11 years
  • State-of-the-art technological tools to keep abreast with the market knowledge
  • Highly skilled experts with the cumulative market experience of 300 years
  • Wide range of financial solutions – broking and distribution, institutional equities, PMS and strategies, corporate advisory, investment banking, and wealth management

So, are you looking for the best portfolio management services? Or wondering which is the best mutual funds to invest today? Or still struggling with how to invest in Mutual Funds? Then worry not and just reach out to the team at IndiaNivesh. They will ensure that you realize your financial goals irrespective of the route (PMS vs Mutual Funds) you take.

Disclaimer: Investment in securities market / Mutual Funds are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing. *Effective from 1st Jan 2020.


Understanding Stock Market Trends & their Types in India

Switch on a news channel when it is talking about the market and you are likely to hear a discussion about what the stock market trend was today and experts sharing their inputs on the Indian stock market trend analysis. But to make any sense of those discussions, it is important to know the trends in stock markets and their impact on our trading decisions.What is a trend in stock market parlance?Most investors look at the stock price chart and see those small lines going up and down. However, beneath all the daily fluctuations (or no movements sometimes) is a particular market trend. A trend is nothing but the general direction of the movement of the stock market or an asset’s price. Timing your transactions plays a key role in making money in the stock market. Correct understanding of what is the current trend in the stock market enables the investors as well as traders to make their buy or sell decisions. When the market is moving upwards (stock prices are on the rise) it is called a bullish trend. On the other hand, when the market moves down south and stock prices fall considerably, it is referred to as a bearish trend. How to know the stock market trend today?So, can you look at the stock price of a day and establish what is the stock market trend today? The answer is No. The Stock Market trend today is not decided basis only today’s stock price but rather its movement when compared to the earlier time points. Trends get established over a longer period. To know the stock market trend one needs to look at the movements for a certain period of time. There is no fixed guideline or specified duration for the movements to be considered as a trend. However, it is said that the longer the duration of the movement (irrespective of the direction – upward or downward), more noteworthy or reliable the trend is considered.What is Trend AnalysisTrend Analysis is the process of making use of the current trends (or past data) to predict future movements. For instance, with the help of stock market trend analysis experts try to make a forecast if a specific market sector which is currently growing will continue to do so in the upcoming future.How to identify trends in the stock market?Before we let you know how to identify trends in the stock market, you need to understand some important terminologies and the types of market trends. When you want to interpret a stock chart, think of your last visit to the mountains. Like how you would have observed many hills or valleys there, you would see such points even on a stock market. These are the points we will be talking about. Peaks or Tops This term is similar to the peaks of mountains. The highest or topmost price point that a stock touches is referred to as the “Peaks”. Troughs or Bottoms The lowest or minimum price point that a stock falls to is called the "Trough".Stock Market Trends Market trends are divided into three categories: Uptrend An uptrend describes the price movement of a financial asset when the overall direction is upward. In the case of an uptrend, the stock chart creates new milestones. Both the ends – peaks as well as troughs keep going further successively. Hence, on a continuous and regular basis, the stock’s price would touch a new high or fall lower than what it did before. However, one important thing to understand is that it may not be the lifetime low or high. This is the movement or status in the last few days, weeks or maybe months (depending on the duration of the trend).As long as the price keeps on making the higher swings, the uptrend remains intact. The steady rise in peaks and troughs indicates a positive sentiment in the market. The general expectation is that the stock would appreciate more rather than depreciate. Downtrend  In the case of a downtrend, the stock price keeps on falling continuously. In addition to the successive tops getting lower, the successive bottoms are also lower. The general view in case of a downtrend is that the stock value will fall further. Usually, no further buying transactions take place and investors use each peak (however little it may be) to sell off their current stock quota. Sideways Trend A sideways trend is a phase of ambiguity. The stock prices do not move significantly in either direction over an extended time frame. Both tops and bottoms continue to be constant. There is no notable movement to enable the market participants to make a buying or selling decision.Distribution DaysRemember that old saying, “All good things must come to an end”. It applies to the stock market as well. Eventually, in all up-trending markets, there comes a time when the selling activities overtake the buying activities. The day when the index closes (from the earlier day) on a higher volume (more selling than buying), is referred to as a “Distribution Day”. Market analysts believe that about five such distribution days over five weeks can easily reverse a market trend from upward to downward. Hence, one may pay close attention to Distribution days as they indicate the end possibility for an uptrend.Solid Market Rally Every cloud has a silver lining. One must continue to monitor the market when it enters a downward trend. At some given point of time, it will rally and get better for a couple of days. However, many such rallies are fake outs. Before taking any market-related action one must confirm that there has been a trend change towards the upward direction. This usually comes as an explosive day and signals the market trend has reversed. This in market parlance is referred to as “follow-through day”. On this day, the market closes upwards by a substantial and decisive amount.No new bullish phase has begun without this “follow-through” day. However, it is important to note that not every such day will lead to a new start (bull market). It just gives an indication and a timely heads-up to the investors (or traders) that they need to keep a constant look-out for their preferable stocks. How to act on stock market trends?There are many platforms (online or otherwise) that offer daily updates about the Indian stock market trend analysis. But before relying on any such analysis, it is important to establish the credibility of the source. IndiaNivesh is one trusted and well-renowned partner whom you can reach out to for stock market related expert opinion. Their team consists of experienced professionals with a deep understanding of the market who have helped investors create wealth for the last eleven years. The IndiaNivesh website has live updates and expert insights that help you make informed decisions. Now that you know what are the possible trends in the stock market and also know a reliable expert who can help you realize your financial goals, what are you waiting for? Remember, time is money!   Disclaimer: Investment in securities market / Mutual Funds are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing.

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Mutual Fund Investment - Best Mutual Fund to Invest in 2019

Mutual funds are one of the most popular investment options available in the market. Most people prefer investing their savings in mutual funds because they have the ability to generate good returns over a longer horizon. You can regularly invest your savings into the mutual fund's schemes through Systematic Investment Plan (SIP) or a lump sum amount. However, to do so you must be aware of the top performing mutual funds in India. To help you in overcoming the confusion of selecting top mutual funds, we have listed down top mutual funds to invest in 2019.Top Performing Mutual Funds In India in 2019Let us now learn the factors that you must consider to select top mutual funds.Factors to Consider Before Investing in Mutual Funds • Performance of FundThe performance of the fund is critical for the selection of any top mutual fund scheme. The performance tells you about the returns generated by the scheme over the years. You must ensure that the performance of the fund is taken over a long period so that you can make a better judgment and decision. Also, review the holdings of the fund in the past years. Check the risks that the fund is exposed to. By doing all these checks you will get a better idea of the fund’s performance. • Fund Manager’s ExperienceThe experience of the fund manager plays a critical role in generating returns. The fund manager manages the capital of the mutual fund schemes and invests in the direction the market is moving. A good fund manager ensures that the mutual fund scheme is reliable for the long term. The mutual fund scheme can perform well only if the fund manager has the expertise and experience. Therefore, before putting your hard earned money into any top mutual fund, always consider the experience of a fund manager. • Expense RatioThe expense ratio is the fee that is charged by the AMC when you purchase their mutual find scheme. It is the charge for management, distribution, administration and promotion of a mutual fund. SEBI (Securities and Exchange Board of India) has capped these charges at 2.25% of the total fund assets. It is always recommended to purchase that mutual fund scheme which has a lower expense ratio. • Exit LoadExit load is a charge that is applied to the NAV of the mutual fund. It dents your investment value when you sell your units. The mutual fund schemes that charge lower exit load should always be considered as the first choice for investment. Since the exit load charge is applicable whenever you sell your mutual fund units, it is advisable to hold mutual fund units for the long term and reap its real benefits rather than exiting in the shorter period. • Track Record of Asset Management Company (AMC)Asset Management Company (AMC) is the fund house that manages the mutual fund scheme. The decisions at an AMC are taken by the Chief Investment Officer (CIO). If any poor stock is a part of the AMC then it raises questions on the selection of stocks done at the AMC level. Therefore, it is always recommended to track the past record of an AMC before investing in any of the top mutual fund schemes. • Integrity of Fund’s PromotersBefore investing in the mutual funds, it is important to understand who the promoters of the mutual fund are? You must look at their record in the financial service domain and experience. Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) grants the permission to run a mutual fund only to people who have integrity, experience in the financial service sector and fulfils the criteria of minimum net worth. Even after that, it is important for you to check their background for your own satisfaction. The above mentioned are a few factors that you must consider before buying a top mutual fund scheme. Whether you are a beginner or a seasoned investor, you must be always active and alert while making an investment in the mutual fund scheme. To make things easier, you may invest in mutual fund through IndiaNivesh Ltd. Our in house experts understand your financial goals before suggesting you the apt mutual fund scheme.  Disclaimer: Investment in securities market / Mutual Funds are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing.

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