Mutual fund investments are one of the most preferred choices of investments for investors as it is the easiest and most comprehensive way to create a diversified portfolio. There are different categories of mutual funds to meet the specific requirement as per the time horizon, risk appetite, and investment purpose. Broadly, mutual fund either in invest in equities, debt, or both debt and equity. Additionally, they can either be open-ended or closed-ended schemes.
What are Money Market Mutual Funds?
Money Market Mutual Funds are open-ended mutual fund schemes that invest in short-term debt instruments. As the name suggests, Money Market Mutual Funds invest in high- quality money market instruments/securities such as commercial papers, treasury bills, certificates of deposit, etc. with short-term maturity usually less than a year.
Money Market Funds aim to serve a cash-like position for investors with very low volatility to ensure capital protection. These mutual funds are a stable investment vehicle for investors for short-term income generation with an investment horizon ranging from three months to one year.
What are Money Markets and different types of money market instruments?
Money Market is an important segment of the Indian Financial Market for borrowing and lending of short-term funds. The maturity of money market instruments ranges from one day to one year. Transactions in money markets are high, and the market is predominantly for large players.
After understanding the money market mutual funds meaning, one needs to know the different types of money market mutual funds. As retail players have limited scope for direct participation in money markets, the different types of money market instruments are the best way to invest in such investments.
1. Treasury Bills: Treasury bills, also known as zero-coupon bonds, are issued by the RBI on behalf of the central government to fulfill short-term fund requirements. T-bills are issued at a discount and paid at par on maturity. These are the safest as they are backed by the government.
2. Commercial Papers: Commercial Papers are unsecured promissory notes issued by companies and other financial institutions with a maturity period of 15 days to a year. As they are unsecured papers, these are issued by companies with high credit ratings. These papers are issued at a discount and redeemed at face value.
3. Certificate of Deposits: Certificate of deposits are short-term instruments which are issued by commercial banks and other financial institutions to individuals and companies, when the demand of credit is high, but the growth in deposits is slow, thus resulting in tight liquidity of the financial institutions
4. Repurchase Agreements (Repos): Repurchase Agreements is an agreement to facilitate short-term loans under which RBI lends money to other banks. The agreement can also exist between two banks. Simultaneous sales and purchase of agreement are involved in the case of the repurchase agreement.
These are the four types of money market mutual funds available in India.
Key features of Money Market Mutual Funds
1. Short-term debt instrument: These funds invest in very high-quality, short-term money market instruments, and cash equivalents.
2. Low-Risk Investment: As these funds carry very low risk, so the rate of return is near the risk-free rate of return
Better returns than Bank Accounts: The returns offered are better than those offered by bank FDs or savings account
3. Allow retail investors to participate in Money Markets: They provide retail investors an opportunity to invest in money market instruments which are other inaccessible to them due to high ticket size
4. Liquidity: Money market mutual funds are highly liquid and ideal to park short-term emergency money
Factors to consider before investing in the different types of Money Market instruments
1. Investment Horizon: For any investment time horizon of investment is very important. Money market mutual funds are specifically designed to meet the short-term investment needs of investors. So, you should invest in these funds only if your investment horizon is of three months to a year.
2. Risks: Money market mutual funds are safe investment options, but these funds are subject to interest rate risk affecting the price of the underlying instrument due to an increase or decrease in the interest rate. Money market instruments such as CD are unsecured loans, and hence creditworthiness of the issuer is essential.
3. Returns: Money market mutual funds have the potential to offer higher returns than a regular savings account, especially when the interest rates are falling. The NAV of the fund depends on the prevailing interest rate. A fall in the interest rates means that the price of the underlying assets will increase resulting in higher returns from the funds.
4. Expense Ratio: Cost plays an important role as it affects the overall returns generated by these funds. The expense ratio is the fees that the fund charges to manage the portfolio. The maximum limit for expense ratio as prescribed by market regulator SEBI is 2.25%.
If you are looking at investing your surplus in a safe investment for better returns than traditional bank deposits and also highly liquid instruments, then money market mutual funds are the best option for you. A good investment broker like IndiaNivesh provides a complete list of top-performing money market funds.
Here is the list of top-performing money market funds:
Aditya Birla Sunlife Money Manager Fund
Kotak Money Market Scheme
L&T Money Market Fund
IndiaNivesh provides the ideal platform to meet your investment needs. Open your Demat account with us by completing the simple documentation and KYC form and get started now.
Disclaimer: Investment in securities market / Mutual Funds are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing.
The Introductory Guide to Algo Trading India In today’s fast-moving world, technology has become an indispensable accessory of everyday life for most people, and investors are no exception. A growing number of investors today are exploring algorithmic trading for trading financial securities. What is Algo Trading? Algorithmic trading, also known as Algo trading, is automated buying and selling of shares in the stock market using intricate mathematical models and defined set of commands known as algorithms to carry out financial transactions at a high-speed. The instructions are programmed in the trading software as algorithms concerning specific variables like time, price, and volume, and the computer then executes the trade as per the instructions. Automation of trades helps investors perform specific financial strategies rapidly and precisely and, most importantly, free from human error, thus increasing the probability of success resulting in higher profits. Advantages of algorithmic trading: There are distinct benefits of Algo trading India as compared to traditional trading. The various benefits of algorithmic trading include- Speed: Algorithmic trading India accelerates the rate of the transaction as it can analyze many parameters and technical indicators at lightning-fast speed and execute the trade. Greater accuracy: The human intervention in Algo trading India is minimal, thus reducing the possibility of human error. Many a time, a trader can falter in punching orders or may analyze the technical indicators incorrectly, which is not the case in Algo trading due to automation, thus increasing the level of accuracy. Reduction in transaction costs: Algo trading India enables traders to execute multiple orders in a short time, thus reducing the transaction cost and increasing the overall profits. Minimization of human emotions: Algo trading strategies in India are pre-defined and formulated, thus keeping investor emotions at bay, which is one of the most significant advantages of algorithmic trading in India. As soon as the pre-required objectives are met, the execution of trade takes place automatically. As the psychological element is eliminated from the trade, so there is no room for deviation from the strategies. Diversification of trades: The use of algorithms and computers Algo trading enables investors to execute multiple trades and trading strategies at one time, which is not possible in case of manual transactions. So, trading opportunities over a range of markets and securities can be scanned and executed simultaneously. Thus, Algo trading in India allows investors to take benefit of diversification, which is difficult to attain in traditional trading. Disadvantages of Algo Trading Faulty algorithms can result in massive losses: As this strategy is entirely based on technology, the biggest drawback of algorithmic trading India is that the wrong algorithm can result in significant losses as many transactions take place simultaneously and any fault in the algorithm can be catastrophic. No control by humans: As the strategy is completely automated, there is minimal scope for discretionary choice for investors. Even if the investor realizes that a particular strategy may fail, he cannot abandon the program or stop the execution. Types of Algorithmic strategies After understanding what is algo trading, one needs to know the different types of algo trading strategies India. Let us look at some of the most popular Algo trading strategies used by institutional and retail investors- Momentum/Trend Following: Trend following is one of the most popular used algorithmic trading India strategies. This strategy involves finding a trend in the price of security using different indicators to analyze the available information. The trades use technical analysis charts and patterns to execute them. Technical indicators like moving averages, oscillators and price movements form the basis of analysis, and buying and selling of securities take place automatically when pre-defined conditions are satisfied based on the technical indicators. Simplicity and relative ease of design make it one of the most widely used algo trading strategies amongst traders. Arbitrage Strategy: An arbitrage opportunity is created when there is a difference in the price of the security on different exchanges on which it is traded. This Algo strategy uses computers to identify arbitrage opportunities and create risk-free profits as quickly as possible and uses them for profits. If a security price is listed on more than one exchange and its price is lower on one and higher on the other, then the algorithm identifies the different pricing and buys on the exchange with lower price and sells on the exchange with a higher price. Speed and accuracy are of paramount importance for this strategy and hence it is more efficient in comparison to manual trading. Statistical Arbitrage Strategy: It is a short-term trading strategy and it tries to make profits from opportunities that arise due to price inefficiencies and misquoting of price. The complex mathematical algorithms help discover the price inefficiencies swiftly and execute the trade before price correction, which is tough for investors to analyze on their own. Mean Reversion Strategy: Also known as a reversal strategy, it is based on the fact that the price of a security will move up or down but eventually come back to an average value at some point. The average price is calculated based on the historical data, and the strategy finds out the lower and higher price limit for stock and executes orders when they are beyond the range. This strategy works when there is extreme movement in prices, and the unexpected swings generate profit for the investor. Conclusion Algorithmic trading has immense potential, and the benefits of this strategy are yet to be fully explored by retail investors. Brokers like IndiaNivesh provide valuable market data to traders and the right platform and tools to build on their algorithmic trading strategies. Disclaimer: Investment in securities market / Mutual Funds are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing.
Dividend mutual funds are a type of mutual fund that pays a regular dividend to the unitholders of the mutual fund scheme, thereby creating a regular source of income for them. The investment strategy of the fund manager is to invest in a basket of companies that have a steady flow of income and promise to pay periodic payment to the investors. Some investors prefer a regular source of passive income from their investments. Mutual fund schemes that offer a high dividend are a popular choice for such investors. The frequency of payment of dividends is decided by the fund manager and is usually fixed. Dividends can be paid daily, monthly, quarterly, six-monthly, or yearly, and the frequency of payment is mentioned beforehand. However, there is no guarantee on the rate and amount of the dividend to the investors and the payment of dividend is subject to the performance of the fund. There are 2 types of dividend mutual funds based upon the asset class that they invest in. 1. Dividend Yielding Mutual Fund (Equity) • Mutual fund schemes which invest more than 65% of their corpus in equity shares of companies • Like any other equity scheme, they have the potential for higher returns, but also carry a higher risk • Investors should invest in these schemes with an investment horizon of medium to long term 2. Dividend Yielding Mutual Fund (Debt) • Mutual fund schemes which invest more than 65% of their corpus in debt instruments of government and corporations like treasury bonds, commercial papers, etc. • These funds carry low risk and provide average returns to investors • Interest received from the various instruments is paid as a dividend to the investors• Investors should invest in these schemes with an investment horizon of short to medium term Tax treatment for dividend mutual funds Till now, dividend income received by the investor used to be recorded under the income head of “Income from other sources” and such income was tax-free in the hands of the investor. However, as per the Union Budget 2020, the DDT is now abolished for companies and mutual funds. From April’20 onwards, any dividend received above Rs 5000 will be taxed in the hands of the investor. It will be taxed as per the individual tax slabs for both equity and debt schemes. Only debt investors who fall in the lower slabs of 10% and 20% will pay lesser taxes on dividends. For all the others, the taxation would be higher going forward. Why should investors invest in high dividend mutual funds? Dividend mutual funds offer unique advantages to the investors, especially when the macroeconomic condition of the country is weak; these investments provide the reliability of income to investors. The benefits of dividend mutual funds which should be kept in mind while investing in such funds• Fund managers of dividend mutual funds invest in companies which can pay steady dividends and even if there is a slowdown in the economy, as companies do not want to send any negative signals, they avoid curtailing payment of dividends, thus making them less volatile than other funds.• Overall returns from these funds are less affected as compared to other funds as the dividends provide a hedge against market volatility.• In a low-interest rate regime, investors looking for a higher consistent income can opt for dividend mutual funds. Disadvantages of a dividend mutual fund scheme • Returns generated by dividend mutual fund schemes are lower as compared to growth schemes in case of rising markets• These funds are not suited for aggressive investors looking for higher returns from their investment• Moreover, with the abolition of Dividend Distribution Tax (DDT), investors in the higher tax-bracket will have to pay higher taxes on the dividend income. Role of dividend mutual funds in a portfolio Invest in dividend mutual funds with an investment horizon of 7 to 10 years for optimal returns. Investment in such funds should be a part of your strategic asset allocation and to lower the volatility of the overall portfolio. Aggressive investors can allocate less than 10% of their portfolio in such funds. Conservative investors, on the other hand, can allocate a higher percentage to these funds. Essential things to keep in mind while investing in dividend mutual funds • Conservative investors looking to invest in dividend funds should invest in large-cap funds, preferably of blue-chip companies that pay a higher dividend. Investing in companies with a higher proportion in mid & small-cap companies will increase the risk of the investment, thereby defeating the purpose of investment• Invest in a fund which has been in existence for some time and witnessed a few market cycles• Avoid investing in a fund with a small corpus to minimize risk as few wrong investment calls can significantly hamper returns• The expense ratio plays a vital role in determining the overall returns from a scheme. Choose funds with a lower expense ratio CONCLUSION Investing in high dividend mutual funds is a good option if you are looking for a regular income through dividends. Consult our experts at IndiaNivesh to help you guide through the allocation of funds in these schemes as per your investment horizon and risk profile. Disclaimer: Investment in securities market / Mutual Funds are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing.
Are you Investment ready?
*All fields are mandatory