If you have ever considered who pays for mutual fund advertisements, the costs of managing your mutual fund investments, operating costs of mutual fund companies and others, it's time to know about Total Expense Ratio [TER] of mutual funds.
As a mutual fund investor, you contribute towards the running costs of managing your mutual fund company, that is the AMC or the asset management company.
For example, if you have invested in an equity mutual fund, you could be paying an annual cost of approximately 2.5% of the total value of your investments. Generally, in India, equity funds charge 2.2% to 2.4% as the expense ratio. After adding all the costs together, it is known as the total expense ratio. If the TER is approximately 2.4% per annum, it is proportionately debited each day.
Typically, it is seen that if the assets of the mutual funds are small, the expense ratio could be high. For the mutual fund to meet its costs from restricted or a small asset base, it could raise the expense ratio. Similarly, if the net assets of the mutual fund are substantial, ideally the expense percentage must be slim.
In September 2018, SEBI initiated significant alterations by bringing ending down the total expense ratio of mutual funds. It also changed the process of providing commissions to distributors.
Understanding the elements of expense ratio
Numerous charges within the expense ratio are used to run a mutual fund scheme. Mutual fund investors contribute towards the expense ratio on a day-to-day basis, and complete disclosure is revealed every six months by the AMC on the deducted fees.
There are five significant components within the expense ratio. These include:
- Management charges - This is a considerable cost and constitutes an integral portion of the TER. It is used to run the fund office, manage a mutual fund, recruit staff and more. Generally, it is a fixed cost for any mutual fund.
- Service/GST tax - Effective from July 1, 2017, service tax has been replaced by GST, and today is an integral component of the total cost of a mutual fund. The GST of a mutual fund is approximately 18% which makes it a critical cost component for all mutual funds.
- Transfer agent charge - Transfer agents are as crucial as registrars in equity investment. Typically, the mutual fund registrar takes care of unitholders’ services that include new investments, processing the changes in ownership, dividend reinvestment, managing accounts, redeeming accounts and more. Since mutual fund houses are unable to handle such a colossal activity on their own, two principal mutual funds transfer agents in India, known as KARVY and CAMS accomplish these activities.
- Brokerage and statutory charges - These two types of commissions are essential in mutual funds. These fees are applied to execute transactions in equity and debt as part of an individual's portfolio management. Besides, the mutual fund house pays commissions to distributors and brokers who promote their products to investors. In this, there is an upfront brokerage to procure new investors and a trail commission to retain clients. A direct plan can help you to save on brokerage costs and hence could be 70 to 80 basis points lower than a regular plan.
- Operating expenses - Day-to-day operations and marketing costs are also part of the TER. Fees related to advertising, brand promotion, branding, under marketing costs and hence, regardless of whether you are under a direct or regular plan, every mutual fund investor pays towards these charges.
The impact of expense ratio on fund returns
Say you have invested ₹20,000 in a mutual fund that has an expense ratio of 2%. This means you have to pay ₹400 to the fund manager, each year to manage your investment in the fund. Simply put, if the mutual fund provides you with a yield equal to 15% with a TER of 2%, your returns will be approximately 13%.
Also, the net asset value of your mutual fund is stated after taking into account all the charges and costs. Therefore, it is critical to understand the expense ratio of the mutual fund you are paying to the AMC.
The total expense ratio plays a significant impact on your returns, especially over the long-term. Seek the best TER for your mutual fund to maximise your gains and create wealth.
Disclaimer: Investment in securities market / Mutual Funds are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing.
Financial planning plays an important role in today’s time. For your money to grow into wealth, it is required that you invest it in good avenues. Many individuals set aside a fixed amount every month for investment purpose. The two most popular investment avenues for investing a fixed sum of money every month are Systematic Investment Program (SIP) in Mutual Funds and Recurring Deposits (RD). In this article, you will learn about the difference between RD and SIP. Let us begin by learning the meaning of the two terms. What is SIP? Systematic Investment Plan or SIP is an investment scheme where you can invest a fixed sum of money on a monthly or quarterly basis. It is a disciplined approach of investing your money because you set aside a fixed amount of money for investment purposes. You can start SIP by selecting a mutual fund scheme. The best part of SIP is that you can start it with an amount as low as Rs. 500. Let us now learn the meaning of recurring deposit. What is Recurring Deposit? Recurring Deposit or RD is a term deposit scheme offered by the banks. In this scheme, you have to select the duration of time and amount of monthly deposit. Upon the start of the plan, you have to deposit a fixed amount of money every month during the tenure of the scheme. In general, the duration of the scheme is minimum 6 months and on completion, 3 months of addition can be made up to maximum tenure of 10 years. Recurring deposit schemes are easy on the pocket because in this scheme you get the option to select the amount and tenure for which you want to continue the scheme. Let us now learn about the SIP vs. RD. Scheme of Investment SIP is about investing in mutual fund plans where you have the option to select between debt or equity funds on the basis of your risk-taking capability. Whereas, RD is a deposit scheme that can give you a fixed rate of returns. If you are looking for more flexibility than you can opt for a flexible recurring deposit scheme. Frequency of Investment SIP can be started with a small amount. It is your choice to invest in SIP on a weekly, monthly and quarterly basis. In the case of recurring deposits, you can invest a fixed amount on a monthly basis. Choice of Investment SIP gives you the option to invest as per your risk appetite. Based on your risk-taking capability you can invest in different mutual fund schemes like equity, debt, hybrid, etc. On the other hand, a recurring deposit has no investment options. To earn a fixed return, you have to invest a fixed amount of money on a monthly basis. Tenure You can opt for SIP investment for any tenure or duration of time. The minimum period of investment is 6 months. Whereas, in the case of recurring deposits, they have a fixed maturity date. The minimum period of investment is for 6 months and the maximum period up to which you can do a recurring deposit is 10 years. Return The rate of return in SIP is not fixed because their performance is linked to the market. In general, over the past 10 years, the equity mutual funds have given return of 12% to 14% per annum and debt mutual funds have given a return of 8% to 9% per annum. On the other hand, when you start investing in RD, the rate of return is already known to you. Liquidity SIP is highly liquid in nature i.e. they can be withdrawn whenever you want. However, you must remember that you would be charged an exit load on redeeming within 1 year of investment. Just like SIP, RD is also liquid in nature. RD attracts pre-withdrawal charges in case you make a withdrawal before the end of the tenure. Risk Investing in mutual funds is risky because the performance of the fund is dependent on market performance. Poor market performance can even lead to capital erosion. However, in comparison to the equity mutual funds, the debt mutual funds are less risky. On the other hand, RD is a safe investment option. This is because the funds are directly deposited into the bank and they have a fixed rate of return. Hence there is no risk of capital loss in RD. Tax Benefit The SIP investments and returns generated on it are exempt from tax only if the investment is made in Equity Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS) funds. Whereas, an investment made in the form of recurring deposit or interest earned on it is not exempt from tax. Investment Goal SIP acts as a one-stop solution to all types of investment goals. In SIP, depending on the frequency of your investment and funds selected, you can invest for short, medium or long term. On the other hand, RD investment, in general, is done for short term purposes. It cannot generate wealth like SIP. The above mentioned are a few differences between the SIP vs. RD scheme. Now the next important question that would arise in your mind is, SIP or RD which is better? Well, the answer to it is very subjective and will vary from person to person. Both the investment schemes are very different from each other and have their own benefits. Depending upon your risk appetite and tenure of the investment, you can select the right scheme for you. You can also refer to the difference between the two schemes and understand which investment option is ideal for you. The beginners or inexperienced investors often find it difficult to take the investment decisions on their own. To assist them in financial planning, IndiaNivesh Ltd. is always at their assistance. We understand your financial goals and risk appetite before suggesting you any investment plan or scheme. We provide our clients with innovative and customised financial solutions. Our aim is to exceed the expectation of client in all our endeavours. You can even open a demat account with us and trade or invest in the stock market on the basis of our regular research reports.Disclaimer: Investment in securities market / Mutual Funds are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing.
What Is Open Ended Mutual Fund? Investing in open ended mutual funds can be ideal for novices and experienced investors alike. Understanding how it works, and knowing about its advantages and disadvantages can help you make the right investment decision. Understanding Open Ended Mutual Funds Typically, every mutual fund gets launched through a New Fund Offer [NFO]. Hence, if you have applied for a mutual fund during the NFO period, you could get fund units at the NFO price. However, after the NFO ends, the mutual fund is officially launched as an open-ended fund. By investing in an open-ended mutual fund, you can enter and exit the fund at any time. On the other hand, a close ended fund does not permit investors to enter or exit after the NFO period has ended, that is until maturity. Mutual funds are a type of open-ended fund. It's NAV changes every day due to stock market movement and the bond prices of the fund scheme. You can buy an open-ended mutual fund at its Net Asset Value (NAV) that is based on the fund’s underlying securities. Open ended fund investments are valued at fair market value that is also known as the closing market value of listed securities. Unlike close ended funds, open ended mutual funds do not have a fixed period for maturity. An open-ended mutual fund does not trade in the open market, and neither does it have a limit on how many units can be issued. Such funds typically invest in equity or stock markets. They are known as open ended funds because there is no lock-in time for such investments. Hence, you can cancel your investment at any time after investing in this fund type. For instance, on any working day, during business hours, you can request your AMC to make a fresh purchase or redeem your mutual fund units. Generally, such a request is executed on the previous days NAV or the present days NAV depending on the time of submission. Advantages of open-ended funds Easy liquidity - You can redeem your units of an open-ended mutual fund at any time based on your requirement and convenience. As compared to other forms of long-term investments, you receive the flexibility of redeeming your open-ended mutual fund scheme at the current net asset value. Transparency - You can view the historical performance of an open-ended mutual fund, unlike that of a close ended fund. In a close ended fund, there is no availability of track record and hence the performance of the fund over various market cycles is not revealed to investors. Thus, an open-ended fund can be a well-informed and wise investment decision. Systematic Investment Plan - A viable investment option for a majority of salaried class investors, open ended mutual funds are ideal because of the Systematic Investment Plans offered in it. Close ended funds call for lump sum investment and can be a risky approach for new investors. On the other hand, you can initiate a Systematic Investment Plan in an open-ended fund of your choice without having to worry about making lump sum investments. Disadvantages Experiences market volatility - Even though open ended funds have a highly diversified portfolio managed by the fund manager, they can still experience market risks. The NAV of an open-ended mutual fund could fluctuate based on how the underlying benchmark moves. Solely reliant on the fund manager - As a mutual fund investor, you do not get to have a say in determining the asset composition of your mutual fund. Instead, a fund manager who is highly qualified with requisite expertise in mutual fund management undertakes all decisions concerning the choice of securities in the mutual fund scheme. Conclusion New investors who are looking to understand the stock market can opt for open ended mutual fund schemes. Similarly, if you desire an annual return of 15 to 20%, open funds can be an ideal choice. Typically, all open-ended mutual funds are managed by professionals and experts in their field. Given that the NAV is updated on a daily basis and the fund is highly liquid, investing in open ended mutual funds can be advantageous. Because open ended funds focus on liquidity and transparency, it can be an ideal match for long-term and medium-term goals.Disclaimer: Investment in securities market / Mutual Funds are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing.
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