Very often, you hear people making a fortune by making investments in the share markets and get lured to invest all our savings in it. Without a doubt, share market investments have helped investors grow their wealth and achieve financial goals. Investing in the stock market is essential for long-term wealth creation, as the returns generated by equities in the long-run have consistently outperformed the returns generated by any other asset classes, but investing all your money in share market is neither wise nor advisable. Shares are extremely volatile and carry a high degree of risk.
If you are a beginner in the share market and the success stories of others have made you consider shares as an investment option, it is important to understand that there is no quick and easy way to make money in the share market overnight. Investing in the share market wisely requires you to have patience and also an understanding of how the stock market works.
Why should you invest in the share market?
1. Potentially higher returns which help beat inflation
Equity investments have the potential to generate higher returns as compared to other investments in the long-run. One of the biggest challenges in the investment world today is finding investments where returns beat inflation.
2. Dividend Income
At the end of each financial year, a company declares dividends to be distributed to shareholders in proportion to their holdings, from the profits earned in that year. Thus, apart from long-term capital appreciation, investing in shares entitles you to the dividend income.
The shares are listed on the stock exchange and can be bought and sold through the exchange platform seamlessly.
Share market tips for beginners
If you are a beginner in the share market, here are few important stock market investment tips for you to help you guide with your investments
1. Define your investment objectives
Before considering investing in shares, or for that matter any instrument, it is important that you clearly define your investment objective along with the time frame for it.
Investments in the stock market have the potential of higher growth in the long-term but are the extreme volatility in the short-run. If you are looking at investing your money for a fairly long time, you will benefit tremendously by investing in shares as compared to other less volatile assets. As stock markets are volatile in nature, investing for short-term investment needs is not advisable.
2. Assess your risk tolerance
When it comes to investment decisions, assessing your tolerance to risk is extremely important as it is individual for each investor. Share markets are volatile and your ability to withstand the fluctuations in the market is crucial. If your tolerance to risk is low, you are likely to get anxious about your investments; you are more likely to make emotional decisions about investments rather than logical decisions.
However, once you start gaining more knowledge about stock market investments and also understand volatility, your perception will evolve considerably and allow you to take more analytical decisions.
3. Understand the basics of Share Market
Before you start investing in the stock market, it is important for you to have basic understanding of the stock market and the individual securities in the stock market. Getting familiar with financial terms such as P/E ratio, EPS, CAGR, etc. stock selection strategies and stock order type will help in the research and selection process of stocks.
4. Pick the right stocks
Investing the shares is easy, but being successful with your investments requires effort. Whether you are seasoned investors or a beginner, stock selection plays an important role in determining the success of your investments. You should do proper research and analysis of the stocks that you are looking to invest in. Various aspects such as financial soundness, quality of management, competitor’s performance, the competitive advantage of the company will help you understand the strength of the company. You should invest in fundamentally strong companies for potentially higher returns.
5. Do not let emotions drive your decision
The performance of stocks to some extent is driven by market sentiments. If the market sentiment is bearish, it tends to influence the stock price negatively even if the fundamentals of the company are strong. In such situations, long-term investors should not sell their investments just because the market sentiment is negative.
Once you invest in the stock market you should not get influenced by short-term price changes of the securities on the account of speculation, rumours and in general the market sentiments.
6. Keep your expectations real
All of us want to achieve the best possible returns from our investments. But at the same time, it is equally important to be realistic about the return potential. Even though some stocks have generated over 100% returns for investors in the past, it does not mean that every investment in stocks will fetch you similar returns. The idea of investing in the stock market is to have positive returns on your savings which can beat inflation in the long-run and help you achieve your financial goals with ease.
7. Diversify your portfolio
Diversification is extremely important to optimise the returns on your investments. The basic tenet of financial planning is to have a diversified portfolio in different asset classes to achieve your investment objective by not relying on the performance of a single asset class. Even in the case of shares, you should diversify your portfolio in shares of different companies, sectors, and industries to avoid relying on the performance of one sector.
8. Invest only your surplus
Your investments in the stock markets can fetch you high returns in the future. However, unlike fixed-income investments such as bonds and FDs, returns from the stock market are not guaranteed. The higher the chances of returns, the higher are the risk involved.
Hence, you should only invest the surplus funds you have into the stock market without compromising on the other investments such as your life insurance, health insurance, emergency funds etc.
The final wordShares should be a part of your investments, as they offer huge growth potential, but they can’t be your only form of investment. You need to diversify your portfolio in various asset classes to get maximise your returns and minimise risk for your investments. Your investment objective, risk profile, time horizon all play an important role in ascertaining how much can you and should you invest shares. If you are wondering where to start, then just get in touch with our financial experts from IndiaNivesh to guide you with your investments.
Disclaimer: Investment in securities market / Mutual Funds are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing.
Debt vs Equity – Striking Balance between Debt and Equity
With a wide variety of investment vehicles available in the market, it can be challenging to select the right one to invest your hard-earned money. From company stocks, gold, real estate, bank FDs, debentures and bonds, to mutual funds and more, there are numerous avenues for investment. But even before you decide the right investment scheme, the first task is to determine if you are looking to invest in equity or invest in debt. Most investments are typically categorised between debt investments and equity investments. For instance, if you invest in an equity-based investment, it means you are directly or indirectly purchasing company stocks, and your returns will be related to how that companies perform. Say, you purchase 100 shares of a leading tech company; here, your returns will be based on the stock dividend which the tech company will pay and the rise or fall of the value of the company shares. Equity-based investments can be risky. And because of its high-risk factor, they typically offer a higher return rate in the long run. On the other hand, when you invest in debt, you lend money to an individual, a company or a government establishment. With debt investments, your returns may not be directly related to how the borrower performs. For instance, if you purchase corporate bonds worth Rs. 10,000 and the company makes a profit, the returns will be the same as if the company had earned no profit at all. Debt-based investments are considered stable. And hence, they earn a low rate of return.As an investor, you aim at profiting from your investments. However, to gain optimum profit, you need to analyse your risk profile. Once you know that you can choose between the two avenues once you know which option offers what benefits. Hence, it is essential to know the difference between debt and equity capital to get the best out of your investment. Most people assume that all mutual funds are alike. On the contrary, there are various types of mutual funds, and primary among these are equity funds and debt funds. The chief difference between equity fund vs debt fund lies in the way the money is invested. When you invest in debt funds, you are investing in fixed income securities. On the other hand, equity funds primarily invest in equity shares and related securities. Equity funds and debt funds have sharply contrasting features that decide how the respective schemes invest and behave, determining their outcome.To ensure you receive the best out of your investment, look into asset allocation. It can mitigate risks and help you enjoy the benefit of diversification, while at the same time offering you control over your assets and investments. Asset allocation is a strategy an investor uses to structure their portfolio. Depending on your financial goals and risk tolerance, you can spread your investments between equity and debt. For instance, two friends may have the same financial goal but different asset allocations. While one may have a greater risk tolerance and thus be inclined towards assigning higher resources to equity capital, the other with a lower risk tolerance would look towards debt investments after evaluating the risk and capital needed towards the goal.Wealth creation requires continual and planned investments to determine your financial goals. It is wise not to place all your eggs in one basket; financial experts advise allocating investments among various asset classes. As a critical strategy that can lower your risk and potentially enhance your returns, it is vital to understand debt-vs-equity and how it can work for you.Striking a balance between equity and debt is a powerful concept that is mostly ignored. Regardless, it is easy to execute. Depending on the time frame of your investments and the amount of risk you can bear, you may want to maintain a specific portion of your financial investments in equities and the rest in debt and fixed income. This means that if the proportion of a particular asset class veers away from the desired ratio, you can move your investments from that asset class to another one to balance your portfolio. Accurate asset allocation is critical to financial empowerment. Prudent asset allocation requires you to answer• Where you should invest?• How much do you need to invest?• How can you invest?When answering these questions, you identify asset classes and the amount you wish to hold in your investment portfolio. Here, one’s age becomes a critical factor in asset allocation as it changes according to the investor's life stages. For instance, a young investor may have a different financial goal as compared to a middle-aged investor. With regards to long-term financial goals, asset allocations must be adjusted periodically based on market conditions and the investor's age.Typically, equity-based investments are pegged to provide higher yields than debt-based investment. If you are considering equity in the form of stock investment, it requires careful financial analysis to gauge the health of the company. Typically, it can prove beneficial to examine the balance sheet and cash flow statement of the company, and its profit and loss account. Analysing a company's financial health can be crucial in making smart equity investment decisions. Doing so can help you to know the company's performance and compare it with its contemporaries in the same industry.On the other hand, while debt-based investments may offer lower returns, they are critical and serve useful purposes. For instance, they are often used to maintain one's money temporarily while waiting for a suitable equity-based investment. The goal of allocating your assets is to get a return on your investment while managing and controlling the risk at the same time. That being said, there will always be market risk, and it can be impossible to eliminate risks altogether. However, with intelligent asset allocation, you can cut down investment risks, particularly, risks that come with just one specific investment. For example, if you invest entirely in the shares of one company, it could make you vulnerable to the risks that the particular investment could reduce in value. By diversifying your finances, you eliminate this risk while giving your investment the opportunity of making money with one asset class even if the other is declining.TakeawayIt is always an excellent time to look into your asset allocation and understand if your investment portfolio is where you would like it to be. For example, if you observe that your current portfolio is heavily dependent on equities, you may want to consider adding debt investments. You can merely purchase more of debt investments such as debt mutual funds or exchange one asset for another until you have accomplished your expected allocation. Disclaimer: Investment in securities market / Mutual Funds are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing.
Share Buyback – Meaning & Upcoming Buyback of Shares
“XYZ company announces a buyback of its shares”. You must have seen or read this headline multiple times in the last couple of years. Especially by companies from the IT or technology industry. According to reports, in the financial year 2018, buyback offers worth Rs. 50,000 crores were made in the Indian markets. Have you wondered what is share buyback and what are the technicalities involved with it? Or if you should give up your shares during buyback offers? Then read on and get all your queries resolved. What is share buyback? Buyback of Shares – Meaning: A share buyback is a process through which a listed company uses its money and repurchases its own shares from the market. It is the opposite of an IPO (Initial Public Offer). Stock repurchase is also seen as a way for the company to re-invest in itself. Once the stock buyback is complete, they are absorbed and cease to exist. There are two ways in which stock buyback can take place: Tender Offer: In this buyback channel, the company offers to buy back a certain number of stock at a quoted price. The buyback is done directly from the shareholders. Open Market: The open market buyback takes place through the secondary market (stock exchange). The resolution (special or board) needs to specify the maximum price for the buyback. 2. Buyback of Shares – Regulations: SEBI has laid down the following guidelines for buyback of shares: It cannot be more than 25% of the total paid-up capital value and free reserves held by the company. It needs to be approved by the shareholders through a special resolution. If the buyback value does not exceed 10% of the total paid-up capital value and free reserves held by the company, it necessitates only a board resolution. Why do companies offer stock buyback schemes?1. Surplus cash but lack of investible projects This is one of the primary reasons behind stock repurchase by companies. Idle cash reserves come with a cost. Matured businesses do not need to invest exorbitantly in research, development or other such aspects. Also, holding on to unused equity funding results in ownership dilution without any good reason. Hence, companies prefer to buy-back their own shares.2. Tax-efficiencies Buybacks usually happen at a premium as compared to the market price. Companies prefer this route to reward shareholders rather than paying our dividends due to the tax implications. Dividends attract 15% DDT (Dividend Distribution Tax) for the companies as well as 10% tax in the hands of shareholders if the dividend income exceeds Rs. 10 Lakhs. Hence, earnings through buyback become more tax efficient for both the parties, even after considering the taxes applicable.3. Enhanced valuations Buybacks are associated with enhanced share valuations as a result of an improved PE multiple. Stock repurchase leads to a reduction in the number of outstanding shares and hence, capital base. This, in turn, improves the value of EPS (Earning per Share) as the same amount of dividend is now divided between lesser shareholders. The ROE (Return on Equity) also goes up as the cash assets on the Balance Sheets come down.4. Signal to the market Stock buybacks are also used to send indicators to the market. It signals that the company has great confidence in itself. Hence it is ready to repurchase its own shares (mostly at a premium) as it feels that the company is undervalued currently in the market. For instance, when the company management is highly optimistic about the future prospects but the stock price still reflects bearish sentiments based on past performance only. In some cases, promoters can also use the buyback channel to tighten their hold on the company. This is especially true when the shareholding is highly diluted or is in the hands of individuals or investors who do not have the best interest of the company in mind. How to evaluate stock buyback offers? Now you know what is share buyback and the reasons why companies offer them. But the fundamental question remains – what should be your stance in case of buyback offers? Should you hold your stock or give them up? These pointers can help you take the final decision:1. Offer Price and buyback quantum Buybacks are lucrative only when they are offered at a significant premium amount. The offer price must be substantially above the current market price to make it worthwhile for the investor. Also, the quantum of the share repurchase amount should be substantial. 2. Look at the tax implications Till recently, shareholders had to pay capital gains tax on their buyback earnings. However, with the introduction of buyback tax for listed companies, investors are now exempted from the same. Companies will now have to pay 20% buyback tax. This move has been done as the Government observed that more companies were distributing their profits through the buyback channel rather than dividend as the latter attracted DDT (Dividend Distribution Tax). Note: The buyback tax is not applicable to companies who had announced their buyback schemes prior to 5th July 2019.3. Promoter Participation Promoters cannot participate in the buyback process if it is being done through the open market. However, they are allowed in case of tender offer. In case of participation by the promoter, there is usually a positive movement for the stock price in the long-term. Final Words Buyback can be rewarding for both parties (company as well as investors). As an investor, it is important for you to understand the implications of each buyback offer and decide wisely. You should keep an eye out for the upcoming buyback of shares in 2019 and corporate news around the same. In case you feel that you are not able to decide on your own, you can always reach out to an expert like IndiaNivesh. Indiaivesh has been providing excellent financial solutions to investors since the last 11 years. It offers a wide range of products – broking, distribution, equities, strategic investments, investment banking as well as wealth management. With its “client-first” approach, skilled and experienced team members and state-of-the-art research and technological capabilities, you can be rest assured that your financial interests are in safe hands. Disclaimer: Investment in securities market / Mutual Funds are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing.
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